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Turnover, Turnout, and Input Legitimacy in the EU

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Part of the Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics book series (PSEUP)

Abstract

Does turnover among members of the European Parliament (MEPs) affect the behavioral dimension of input legitimacy? We address this question by analyzing turnout in EP elections. We consider the theoretical connection between personnel turnover and voter turnout and outline four hypotheses. Two of the hypotheses derive from the populist critique of EU politics; the other two derive from the feminist critique. Analysis of election results from 1984 through 2019 provides no support for the populist-inspired hypotheses and limited support for the feminist-inspired hypotheses. Voter turnout (and, therefore, EU input legitimacy) is likely to be higher when voters have propelled more women to office in previous elections and when EP delegations become more gender-balanced.

Keywords

  • Turnover
  • Input legitimacy
  • Political behavior
  • Voter turnout
  • European Parliament
  • Politics and gender

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Clark, N., Scherpereel, J.A. (2021). Turnover, Turnout, and Input Legitimacy in the EU. In: Scherpereel, J.A. (eds) Personnel Turnover and the Legitimacy of the EU. Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-60052-5_3

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