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Multi-stream Progressive Up-Sampling Network for Dense CT Image Reconstruction

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNIP,volume 12266)

Abstract

Pulmonary computerized tomography (CT) images with small slice thickness (thin) is very helpful in clinical practice due to its high resolution for precise diagnosis. However, there are still a lot of CT images with large slice thickness (thick) because of the benefits of storage-saving and short taking time. Therefore, it is necessary to build a pipeline to leverage advantages from both thin and thick slices. In this paper, we try to generate thin slices from the thick ones, in order to obtain high quality images with a low storage requirement. Our method is implemented in an encoder-decoder manner with a proposed progressive up-sampling module to exploit enough information for reconstruction. To further lower the difficulty of the task, a multi-stream architecture is established to separately learn the inner- and outer-lung regions. During training, a contrast-aware loss and feature matching loss are designed to capture the appearance of lung markings and reduce the influence of noise. To verify the performance of the proposed method, a total of 880 pairs of CT images with both thin and thick slices are collected. Ablation study demonstrates the effectiveness of each component of our method and higher performance is obtained compared with previous work. Furthermore, three radiologists are required to detect pulmonary nodules in raw thick slices and the generated thin slices independently, the improvement in both sensitivity and precision shows the potential value of the proposed method in clinical applications.

Keywords

  • Deep learning
  • Image reconstruction
  • Pulmonary computed tomography

Q. Liu and Z. Zhou—Equal contribution.

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Acknowledgment

This work was supported in part by National Key Research and Development Program of China (MOST-2018AAA0102004, 2019YFC0118100), Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Planning Project (Grant No. Z201100005620008), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC-61625201), and Hong Kong Research Grants Council through Research Impact Fund under Grant R-5001-18.

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Correspondence to Zhen Zhou or Yizhou Yu .

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Liu, Q., Zhou, Z., Liu, F., Fang, X., Yu, Y., Wang, Y. (2020). Multi-stream Progressive Up-Sampling Network for Dense CT Image Reconstruction. In: , et al. Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2020. MICCAI 2020. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 12266. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-59725-2_50

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-59725-2_50

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