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ProvNet: Networked Blockchain for Decentralized Secure Provenance

Conference paper
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Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 12404)

Abstract

Data sharing is increasingly popular especially for scientific research and business fields where large volume of datasets are usually required. People benefit from data sharing, but keeping track of the history of the shared data (i.e., provenance records) for monitoring and protecting them is not easy. On one hand, due to the decentralized nature of data sharing nowadays, it is impractical to have a centralized entity who collects all the provenance records. Some previous works that combined the data sharing with blockchain can store the provenance records of data sharing in a blockchain system. On the other hand, previous works focus on the scenario where malicious users will not modify the shared datasets and re-share them as the owner of these changed datasets. Besides, maintaining the correctness of collected records in the presence of malicious attackers is challenging. In this paper, we present ProvNet, a decentralized data sharing platform which can provide a secure and correct provenance record using a networked blockchain. All the valid sharing records will be collected and stored in a tamper-proof networked blockchain, named blocknet. Furthermore, ProvNet can also discover and detect the misbehaviors with the stored provenance records.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringUniversity of Notre DameNotre DameUSA

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