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Motivation: State, Trait, or Both

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Motivation, Effort, and the Neural Network Model

Abstract

Motivation has characteristics of both states and trait. Much of motivation represents a specific state relative to a particular goal objective or value. Motivation represents a state of readiness characterized, when in its trait form, as the highly automated and practiced approach behaviors associated with a class of environmental stimuli. Behavior looks motivated if it is aggressively pursuing a particular outcome. A person is either acting in a motivated fashion or else has the potential to demonstrate those actions if the circumstances are right. These conditions represent two distinct neural networks and may be best thought of as separate processes.

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Wasserman, T., Wasserman, L. (2020). Motivation: State, Trait, or Both. In: Motivation, Effort, and the Neural Network Model. Neural Network Model: Applications and Implications. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58724-6_8

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