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Automatization of Cross-Border Customs Declaration: Potential and Challenges

A Case Study of the Estonian Customs Authority

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNISA,volume 12219)

Abstract

This paper discusses challenges and obstacles of the Estonian customs authority while implementing the new EU VAT directive aiming to raise efficiency in the VAT declaration life-cycle. The general goal of the directive is to reduce cross-border fraud, gain revenue and modernize the system for governments and businesses. Due to the fact that the impact of the new VAT directive is tremendous, it also changes radically AS-IS work routines of customs authorities. The current paper presents the Estonian experience regarding the implementation of the new work procedures through providing data of the new technology developments and bringing out main concerns in terms of ongoing development activities. Transforming old ICT systems to newer platforms with regards to the new directive also changes current work procedures, which means that adjustments in the organization are also required. The central reason to move towards automatization is the dramatically increasing volumes of shipments requiring customs clearance. However, it is a complex process to achieve this task because of different or non-agreed data sets shared in the existing systems by various stakeholders as well as low quality of data. Consequently, the results of the paper are aimed to aid implementing the changes in various other customs authorities in the EU.

Keywords

  • Automatization
  • VAT
  • Customs declaration
  • Import one stop shop
  • IOSS

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Notes

  1. 1.

    The VAT de minimis threshold in the EU member states is between 10 EUR to 22 EUR and varies across EU member states.

  2. 2.

    Based on meetings with Estonian customs authorities.

  3. 3.

    https://archimedes.ee/en/archimedes-foundation/.

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Correspondence to Markko Liutkevičius .

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Liutkevičius, M., Pappel, K.I., Butt, S.A., Pappel, I. (2020). Automatization of Cross-Border Customs Declaration: Potential and Challenges. In: , et al. Electronic Government. EGOV 2020. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 12219. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57599-1_8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57599-1_8

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