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Calibrating Human-AI Collaboration: Impact of Risk, Ambiguity and Transparency on Algorithmic Bias

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNISA,volume 12279)

Abstract

Transparent Machine Learning (ML) is often argued to increase trust into predictions of algorithms however the growth of new interpretability approaches is not accompanied by a growth in studies investigating how interaction of humans and Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems benefits from transparency. The right level of transparency can increase trust in an AI system, while inappropriate levels of transparency can lead to algorithmic bias. In this study we demonstrate that depending on certain personality traits, humans exhibit different susceptibilities for algorithmic bias. Our main finding is that susceptibility to algorithmic bias significantly depends on annotators’ affinity to risk. These findings help to shed light on the previously underrepresented role of human personality in human-AI interaction. We believe that taking these aspects into account when building transparent AI systems can help to ensure more responsible usage of AI systems.

Keywords

  • Transparent AI
  • Machine learning
  • HCI
  • Risk affinity

P. Schmidt and F. Biessmann—Equal contribution.

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Notes

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    https://www.mturk.com/.

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    https://www.imdb.com/conditions.

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Schmidt, P., Biessmann, F. (2020). Calibrating Human-AI Collaboration: Impact of Risk, Ambiguity and Transparency on Algorithmic Bias. In: Holzinger, A., Kieseberg, P., Tjoa, A., Weippl, E. (eds) Machine Learning and Knowledge Extraction. CD-MAKE 2020. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 12279. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-57321-8_24

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