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International and Global Telemedicine: Making It Work

Abstract

The global community is facing the “digital transformation of healthcare” with the integration of telehealth and telemedicine, incorporation of electronic health records, and interoperable health information exchange. This remarkable transformation is having an impact on countries around the world. The emergence of more affordable advanced communication technologies and development of enhanced communication networks is providing realistic opportunities for low- and middle-income developing countries to integrate telemedicine into their health systems. The increasing use of cell phones, the Web, cloud-based videoconferencing, high-resolution imaging, and digital information platforms provides a means to access healthcare services in areas of the world where that access was previously a challenge or nearly impossible. The basic concept is to enhance access to healthcare services, education, training, and sharing knowledge in a manner that is culturally appropriate for the countries being served and in a manner that meets their defined needs, improves health outcomes, and can be realistically implemented and ultimately sustained. This chapter is designed to address those steps in planning and implementing international telehealth programs, within a country and between countries. These international programs require a comprehensive, thoughtful, collaborative approach that addresses the health requirements of individual countries and their unique cultural, social, and political perspectives.

Keywords

  • Telehealth
  • Telemedicine
  • mHealth
  • eHealth
  • Global health
  • International healthcare

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Alverson, D.C. (2021). International and Global Telemedicine: Making It Work. In: Latifi, R., Doarn, C.R., Merrell, R.C. (eds) Telemedicine, Telehealth and Telepresence. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56917-4_15

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