Resolving the Symbol-Subsymbol Debates

  • Tiansi DongEmail author
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 910)


The symbol spatialization process creates a new geometric layer between the connectionist layer and the symbolic layer. Connectionist networks produce vectors; Geometric layers promote these vectors into \(\mathscr {N}\)-Balls in higher dimensions.


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ML2R Competence Center for Machine Learning Rhine-Ruhr, MLAI Lab, AI Foundations Group, Bonn-Aachen International Center for Information Technology (b-it)University of BonnBonnGermany

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