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Social Work and Inclusive Society in Germany

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Ambivalences of Inclusion in Society and Social Work

Abstract

The distinction between inclusion and exclusion has become a central concept in welfare state analyses and social work theory in Germany. One of the key approaches to inclusion in social work in Germany was developed through social systems theory in addition with research on social inequality and poverty. In the fields of social and educational services, the discourse is dominated by the project of creating an inclusive school system. In the migration debate, the term inclusion was introduced as a less loaded alternative to integration. The meaning of inclusion in a social work practice context is demonstrated by examples from several research and practice-based projects with the following target groups: homeless young people, older substance users, students with special needs, people with a migrant background and students from the Sinti community. Finally, two current debates on inclusion are documented: the principle of the least restrictive environment as a guideline for inclusive measures, and the inclusive reform of the German Child and Youth Welfare Act. The realisation of inclusive and participative principles in daily life, societal institutions and specific social work fields emerges as a slow and complex process.

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Correspondence to Stephan Bundschuh .

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Bundschuh, S. et al. (2021). Social Work and Inclusive Society in Germany. In: Bundschuh, S., Freitas, M.J., Palacín Bartrolí, C., Žganec, N. (eds) Ambivalences of Inclusion in Society and Social Work. European Social Work Education and Practice. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-55446-0_5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-55446-0_5

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-55445-3

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-55446-0

  • eBook Packages: Social SciencesSocial Sciences (R0)

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