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Locational Dynamics of Academic Spin-Offs: Evidence from Brazil

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Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST,volume 198)

Abstract

Universities can be perceived as sources of innovation, where academic spin-offs is one of its main vehicles. One of the main points of attention in this debate concerns the pivotal role of universities within entrepreneurial ecosystems. Drawing from this background, this research investigates the locational dynamics of academic spin-offs in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, as well as its association with the respective alma maters of entrepreneurs. 1082 entrepreneurial projects were analyzed covering the period 1998-2017. While research-intensive public universities play a leading role in the generation and retention of entrepreneurs at the local level, the distance from developed markets reduces the concentration of spin-offs in the region. This finding carries implications for the notion that university campuses can leverage levels of regional development, since the causal relationships in this process seem to be tied to elements that are endogenous but also exogenous to the university.

Keywords

  • Academic spin-offs
  • Geography of entrepreneurship
  • Regional development
  • Universities

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Notes

  1. 1.

    The research’s qualitative phase was previously validated by the Research Ethics Committee of the authors’ institution, registered under the process no. 89010418.2.0000.8142.

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Correspondence to Bruno Fischer .

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Compliance with Standards Involving Humans as Subjects

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants involved in the study.

The research’s qualitative phase was previously validated by the Research Ethics Committee of the University of Campinas, Brazil, registered under the process no. 89010418.2.0000.8142.

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Scorsatto, F., Fischer, B., Schaeffer, P.R. (2021). Locational Dynamics of Academic Spin-Offs: Evidence from Brazil. In: Pereira, L., Carvalho, J., Krus, P., Klofsten, M., De Negri, V. (eds) Proceedings of IDEAS 2019. IDEAS 2018. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, vol 198. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-55374-6_7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-55374-6_7

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