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Cosmic-Ray Acceleration by Supernova Remnants: Introduction and Theory

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Abstract

In 1934, in the same year that Baade and Zwicky (Proc Natl Acad Sci 20:259, 1934a) first established that there exist a class of very bright novae, which they coined super-novae, they also suggested that these super-novae may be the source of cosmic rays. Supernova explosions are still generally considered to provide the energy for the bulk of cosmic-ray up to energies of ∼ 1015 eV or even higher. However, we now think that the cosmic-ray acceleration itself, although powered by the supernova explosion, happens over a longer time, by supernova remnant shocks. The purpose of this chapter and the next is to provide an overview of cosmic rays in general, and the theory and observations of cosmic-ray acceleration by supernova remnants.

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Vink, J. (2020). Cosmic-Ray Acceleration by Supernova Remnants: Introduction and Theory. In: Physics and Evolution of Supernova Remnants. Astronomy and Astrophysics Library. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-55231-2_11

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