Theories of Internationalization and Foreign Direct Investment: How to Explain FDI from Emerging MNEs?

Part of the Studies in Economic Transition book series (SET)


Szunomár offers a much-needed summary of the theoretical framework of foreign direct investment (FDI), as well as the concept of internationalization in order to show that traditional theories seem to be insufficient in explaining FDI decisions of emerging multinational enterprises (MNEs). After briefly presenting the traditional theories and the main findings of the Japanese school of FDI, the chapter continues with introducing the new theoretical attempts that try to explain the international expansion strategy of emerging MNEs, including driving forces and location choices. The author also explores the “specialties” the emerging countries possess, such as the essential function of home-country governments in promoting outward investment, the significance of institutions in influencing emerging MNEs’ behaviour and the outstanding role devoted to learning from others’ experiences.


Outward foreign direct investment (outward FDI) Multinational enterprises (MNEs) Emerging markets Traditional theories Japanese school of FDI New theoretical attempts Push factors and pull factors of outward FDI 


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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of World EconomicsCentre for Economic and Regional StudiesBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Institute of International, Political, and Regional SciencesCorvinus University of BudapestBudapestHungary

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