Pathways for a Low-Carbon Electricity System in Poland and Hungary

  • Csaba WeinerEmail author
Part of the Energy, Climate and the Environment book series (ECE)


This chapter examines the transition to low-carbon electricity in Poland and Hungary from a security–of–supply point of view. Despite large differences in emphasis, both countries aim to increase electricity generation, decrease import dependence and reduce or eliminate coal-based electricity, while turning to renewables and nuclear energy. In Poland, instead of a coal-dominated electricity mix accompanied by wind, natural gas and biomass, a coal–wind–natural gas–nuclear portfolio may emerge by 2040. In Hungary, the nuclear–natural gas–coal–biomass composition is scheduled to transform into a nuclear–solar–biomass–natural gas focus. While electricity is expected to be predominantly low-carbon in Hungary in 2040, such sources may provide only a bit more than half of the Polish power generation.


Low-carbon electricity Security–of–supply Stationary fuels Poland Hungary 



This chapter was supported by the János Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of World Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional StudiesBudapestHungary

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