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Positional Insecurity and the Hungarian Migration Policy

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The EU Migration System of Governance

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Abstract

The case of ‘drifting away from liberal democracy’ in Eastern Europe and Hungary deserves special attention, and this study provides a longer-term historical-structural and institutional analysis of how anti-migrant nationalism has achieved hegemony in Hungary and Eastern Europe in the 2010s. The chapter claims that Hungary presents a case of a Westphalian idea of the state in a context of institutionalized openness within the EU and the overall globalization process, both of which recreate unequal positions within the overall political and economic processes. In our argument, this contradiction of openness and inequality leads to right-wing political radicalization and the attendant handling of migration on a discursive and policy level.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    In Eastern Europe, such West-centric mental hierarchies have been present for a longer time and have shaped not only elite perceptions but also, as we can see in a recent survey, public attitudes. For such literature, see among others (Neumann 1999; Todorova 1997; Böröcz 2000; Melegh et al. 2013, 2016).

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Melegh, A., Vancsó, A., Mendly, D., Hunyadi, M. (2021). Positional Insecurity and the Hungarian Migration Policy. In: Ceccorulli, M., Fassi, E., Lucarelli, S. (eds) The EU Migration System of Governance. The European Union in International Affairs. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-53997-9_7

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