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History of Robotic Surgery

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Robotic Surgery


Robots have fascinated and preoccupied human minds for centuries—from ancient tales of “stone golems,” to modern science fiction. The first documented use of a robot-assisted surgical procedure occurred in1985 when the PUMA 560 robotic surgical arm was used to orient a needle for a brain biopsy while under computer tomography (CT) guidance during a neurosurgical biopsy. Since 1985, a number of significant advances have resulted in successful application of robotics to surgical procedures to all parts of the body.

As of 2018, there were more than 4986 robotic surgical systems in hospitals worldwide, and more than six million robotic surgical procedures had been performed worldwide. With the development and propagation of other robotic platforms, robotic surgery has the promise of transforming surgery and becoming arguably the greatest advance in the field of surgery since the introduction of anesthesia.

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Correspondence to Farid Gharagozloo .

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Gharagozloo, F., Tempesta, B., Meyer, M., Nguyen, D., Gruessner, S., Redan, J. (2021). History of Robotic Surgery. In: Gharagozloo, F., Patel, V.R., Giulianotti, P.C., Poston, R., Gruessner, R., Meyer, M. (eds) Robotic Surgery. Springer, Cham.

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