Business Model Dependencies: Towards Conceptualizing Dependencies for Extending Modeling Languages for Business Models

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 391)


Digital innovation continues to give technical and economic dependencies within and between business models an increasingly important role. Despite the steadily growing interest in business models in various disciplines such as software design, amongst others, there is no common understanding about the constituent parts of business model dependencies that define the relationships within and between business models of different market participants. On the basis of a literature analysis across more than 250 articles from business model research, we comprehensively review the understanding of business model dependencies. Thereby, we identify dependencies that are specific to business models. In doing so, this study pursues two objects: First, to explicate tacit knowledge about dependencies in business model research. Second, to review this knowledge to conceptualize business model dependencies. This study proposes five distinct types of business model dependencies and thereby lays the ground for conceptualizing business model dependencies. In this way, this study contributes to information systems research and software design by providing the basis for extending modeling languages for business models by introducing business model dependencies.


Business models Business model innovation Business model dependencies Business modeling languages 



This work was partially supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) within the Collaborative Research Center “On-The-Fly Computing” (CRC 901, project number 160364472SFB901).


  1. 1.
    Osterwalder, A., Pigneur, Y.: Business Model Generation. A Handbook for Visionaries, Game Changers, and Challengers. Wiley, Hoboken (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Massa, L., Tucci, C.L., Afuah, A.: A critical assessment of business model research. Acad. Manage. Ann. 11, 73–104 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chesbrough, H.: Business model innovation: Opportunities and barriers. Long Range Plann. 43, 354–363 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Teece, D.J.: Business models, business strategy and innovation. Long Range Plann. 43, 172–194 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    John, T., Kundisch, D., Szopinski, D.: Visual languages for modeling business models: a critical review and future re-search directions. In: Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), Seoul, Korea (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Meyer, A., Pufahl, L., Fahland, D., Weske, M.: Modeling and enacting complex data dependencies in business processes. In: Daniel, F., Wang, J., Weber, B. (eds.) BPM 2013. LNCS, vol. 8094, pp. 171–186. Springer, Heidelberg (2013). Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wetzstein, B., Leitner, P., Rosenberg, F., Dustdar, S., Leymann, F.: Identifying influential factors of business process performance using dependency analysis. Enterp. Inf. Syst. 5, 79–98 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Meier, C., Kundisch, D., Willeke, J.: Is it worth the effort? Bus. Inf. Syst. Eng. 59, 81–95 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Winter, R., Fischer, R.: Essential layers, artifacts, and dependencies of enterprise architecture. In: 10th IEEE International Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference Workshops (EDOCW), Hong Kong, China (2006)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fichman, R.G., Dos Santos, B.L., Zheng, Z.: Digital innovation as a fundamental and powerful concept in the information systems curriculum. MIS Q. 38, 329–343 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cosenz, F., Noto, G.: A dynamic business modelling approach to design and experiment new business venture strategies. Long Range Plann. 51, 127–140 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Leiponen, A., Delcamp, H.: The anatomy of a troll? patent licensing business models in the light of patent reassignment data. Res. Policy 48, 298–311 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dawar, N., Stornelli, J.: Rebuilding the relationship between manufacturers and retailers. MIT Sloan Manage. Rev. 54(2), 83–90 (2013)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kortmann, S., Piller, F.: Open business models and closed-loop value chains: redefining the firm-consumer relationship. Calif. Manage. Rev. 58, 88–108 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hannon, M.J., Foxon, T.J., Gale, W.F.: The co-evolutionary relationship between Energy Service Companies and the UK energy system: implications for a low-carbon transition. Energy Policy 61, 1031–1045 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pigneur, Y., Fritscher, B.: Extending the business model canvas a dynamic perspective. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Business Modeling and Software Design, pp. 86–95. SCITEPRESS - Science and Technology Publications (2015)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fritscher, B., Pigneur, Y.: A visual approach to business it alignment between business model and enterprise architecture. Int. J. Inf. Syst. Model. Des. 6, 1–23 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fritscher, B., Pigneur, Y.: Business IT alignment from business model to enterprise architecture. In: Salinesi, C., Pastor, O. (eds.) CAiSE 2011. LNBIP, vol. 83, pp. 4–15. Springer, Heidelberg (2011). Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Paderborn UniversityPaderbornGermany

Personalised recommendations