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Towards AGI Agent Safety by Iteratively Improving the Utility Function

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Artificial General Intelligence (AGI 2020)

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ((LNAI,volume 12177))

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Abstract

While it is still unclear if agents with Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) could ever be built, we can already use mathematical models to investigate potential safety systems for these agents. We present work on an AGI safety layer that creates a special dedicated input terminal to support the iterative improvement of an AGI agent’s utility function. The humans who switched on the agent can use this terminal to close any loopholes that are discovered in the utility function’s encoding of agent goals and constraints, to direct the agent towards new goals, or to force the agent to switch itself off.

An AGI agent may develop the emergent incentive to manipulate the above utility function improvement process, for example by deceiving, restraining, or even attacking the humans involved. The safety layer will partially, and sometimes fully, suppress this dangerous incentive.

This paper generalizes earlier work on AGI emergency stop buttons. We aim to make the mathematical methods used to construct the layer more accessible, by applying them to an MDP model. We discuss two provable properties of the safety layer, identify still-open issues, and present ongoing work to map the layer to a Causal Influence Diagram (CID).

K. Holtman—Independent Researcher.

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Acknowledgments

Thanks to Stuart Armstrong, Ryan Carey, Tom Everitt, and David Krueger for feedback on drafts of this paper, and to the anonymous reviewers for useful comments that led to improvements in the presentation.

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Holtman, K. (2020). Towards AGI Agent Safety by Iteratively Improving the Utility Function. In: Goertzel, B., Panov, A., Potapov, A., Yampolskiy, R. (eds) Artificial General Intelligence. AGI 2020. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 12177. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-52152-3_21

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-52152-3_21

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-52151-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-52152-3

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