Simple Current-Controlled Memristor Emulators

  • Abdullah G. Alharbi
  • Masud H. Chowdhury


This chapter introduces three simple emulator circuits for the current-controlled memristor models. The proposed circuits consist of exponential amplifier, second-generation current conveyor (CCII), diode-connected transistors, and some passive elements to achieve the hysteresis behavior of the memristor in the I-V plane. These emulator circuits are realistic and straightforward compared to previously published circuits. Furthermore, these circuits can accurately imitate the nonlinear behavior of a memristor and satisfy the three fingerprints of the memristor. The proposed emulator circuits are very simple to implement in the lab for educational purposes. This chapter also presents the mathematical modeling and analysis of the proposed emulators. SPICE simulation and experimental results are also provided to validate the emulators.


Simple memristor emulator Integrator Exponential amplifier Second-generation current conveyor (CCII) Current-controlled memristor Nonlinear memristive behavior Circuit realization of Memristor emulator Single CCII emulator circuit 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdullah G. Alharbi
    • 1
  • Masud H. Chowdhury
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringJouf UniversitySakakaSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science Electrical EngineeringUniversity of Missouri–Kansas CityKansas CityUSA

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