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Treating the Face as a Functional Entity: More Than Practicing Facial Muscles

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Abstract

In neurorehabilitation, the treatment of the face is often neglected in favour of the swallowing problems or reduced to a minimum in the form of a home programme in front of the mirror. The face is a part of the body which cannot be easily concealed. Communication and social interactions are influenced by the absence or exaggeration of facial movements of one’s counterpart as well as by movements, which differ from the norm. In addition to the relevant anatomy and physiology, this chapter illustrates the examination and treatment of the face, based on the F.O.T.T. approach. The focus will be on functional, everyday-oriented work with patients suffering from central or peripheral lesions of the facial nerves, referring to the relevant literature for surgical options and drug treatment.

Keywords

  • Control of facial movements
  • Hyperactivity
  • Loss of symmetry
  • Neural structures
  • Neurodynamic
  • Preventing complications
  • Central facial palsy
  • Peripheral facial palsy
  • Self-train ing

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Jakobsen, D., Sticher, H. (2021). Treating the Face as a Functional Entity: More Than Practicing Facial Muscles. In: Nusser-Müller-Busch, R., Gampp Lehmann, K. (eds) Facial-Oral Tract Therapy (F.O.T.T.) . Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-51637-6_7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-51637-6_7

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