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The F.O.T.T. Approach: Functional – Complex – Relevant for Daily Life

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Abstract

When brain damage occurs, it may cause various forms of swallowing disorders and speech dysfunctions. The goal of Facial–Oral Tract Therapy (F.O.T.T.), as developed by Kay Coombes and colleagues, is the integration and coordination of facial-oral functions. This enables the safe coordination of breathing, swallowing, voice, speech, facial expression, eating and drinking, and the efficient use of protective clearing measures, when required. In order to eat and drink safely again, many patients must relearn to adapt their postural control during daily activities, for example, transporting food to their mouths, using the tongue to remove residues from the oral cavity by coughing, swallowing or spitting out, etc. This introductory chapter offers an insight into the F.O.T.T. approach, which combines empirical therapeutic knowledge with current scientific findings in neurorehabilitation.

Keywords

  • Facial-oral functions
  • Protective mechanisms
  • Principles
  • Methods
  • Techniques
  • Postural control
  • Brain damage
  • F.O.T.T. areas
  • 24 hour approach
  • Pre-oral phase

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Nusser-Müller-Busch, R. (2021). The F.O.T.T. Approach: Functional – Complex – Relevant for Daily Life. In: Nusser-Müller-Busch, R., Gampp Lehmann, K. (eds) Facial-Oral Tract Therapy (F.O.T.T.) . Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-51637-6_1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-51637-6_1

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