Designing Accessible Maps on Mobile Devices for Blind and Visually Impaired Users

  • Tania Calle-JimenezEmail author
  • Sergio Luján-Mora
  • Hugo Arias-Flores
  • Carlos Ramos-Galarza
  • Isabel L. Nunes
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1202)


Currently, there is a high percentage of people with visual disabilities worldwide. Sometimes, these people do not have access to the information of online geographic maps. A traditional map published on the Web does not provide the necessary alternative information for people with visual disabilities. This research presents a mobile application with geographic maps that provides the information in audio format to blind and visually impaired users. The application uses the Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG Tiny) format that allows additional information to be stored within the map code. SVG Tiny provides to screen readers the content inside of map code to transform text to audio. The tests were carried out through accessibility assessment tools, which showed a level of accessibility greater than 90%. In addition, tests were carried out with blind people, who were satisfied with the level of accessibility of the mobile application.


Web accessibility WCAG 2.1 Accessible online maps Mobile devices Blind users Visually impaired users 


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tania Calle-Jimenez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sergio Luján-Mora
    • 2
  • Hugo Arias-Flores
    • 3
  • Carlos Ramos-Galarza
    • 5
    • 6
  • Isabel L. Nunes
    • 4
  1. 1.Escuela Politécnica NacionalQuitoEcuador
  2. 2.University of AlicanteAlicanteSpain
  3. 3.Universidad Tecnológica IndoaméricaAmbatoEcuador
  4. 4.Nova University of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.Centro de Investigación en Mecatrónica y Sistemas Interactivos, Universidad Tecnológica IndoaméricaQuitoEcuador
  6. 6.Facultad de PsicologíaPontificia Universidad Católica del EcuadorQuitoEcuador

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