Skip to main content

Unique Natural Fibers: Physicochemical Characteristics of Lignin-Cellulosic Fibers from Aechmea Bromeliifolia Leaves

Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC,volume 1202)

Abstract

Ligno-cellulosic fibers are abundantly present in a diverse flora. Bromeliaceae is considered one of the most prominent vegetable family in terms of the availability of these fibrous plants, making for excellent textile leaf fibers. The objective of this work is to present a preliminary physicochemical characterization of the Brazilian-native Aechmea Bromeliifolia fiber. The fibers were manually extracted from the species’ leaves to be studied in terms of their physical and chemical structure, and mechanical behavior. The results were compared to known fibers in the textile industry, identifying the fiber’s potential for textile application. Nevertheless, further study is needed for property optimization and the improvement of extraction and treatment methods.

Keywords

  • Lignocellulosic fibers
  • Textiles
  • Physicochemical properties

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-51194-4_101
  • Chapter length: 8 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   269.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-51194-4
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   349.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

References

  1. Scheffer, M.R.: Trends in textile markets and their implications for textile products and processes. In: Shishoo, R. (ed.) The Global Textile and Clothing Industry: Technological Advances and Future Challenges, pp. 8–28. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge (2012). https://doi.org/10.1533/9780857095626.8

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  2. Ramawat, K.G., Ahuja, M.R.: Fiber plants: an overview. In: Ramawat, K.G., Ahuja, M. (eds.) Fiber Plants, Sustainable Development and Biodiversity, pp. 3–15. Springer, Cham (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44570-0_1

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  3. Kozłowski, R.M., Muzyczek, M., Mackiewicz-Talarczyk, M., Barriga-Bedoya, J.: Quo vadis natural fibres in 21st century? Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 627, 198–209 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1080/15421406.2015.1137675

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. Kozłowski, R.M., Muzyczek, M.: Introduction. In: Kozlowski, R.M., Muzyczek, M. (eds.) Natural Fibers: Properties, Mechanical Behavior, Functionalization and Applications, pp. vii–x. Nova Science Publishers, New York (2017)

    Google Scholar 

  5. Kozłowski, R.M., Baraniecki, P., Barriga-Bedoya, J.: Bast fibres (flax, hemp, jute, ramie, kenaf, abaca). In: Blackburn, R. (ed.) Biodegradable and Sustainable Fibres, pp. 36–88. Elsevier, Cambridge (2005). https://doi.org/10.1533/9781845690991.36

  6. McIntyre, J.E., Daniels, P.N.: Textile Terms and Definitions. Taylor & Francis, Manchester (1995)

    Google Scholar 

  7. American Society for Testing and Materials: ASTM D123 - 17e1: Standard Terminology Relating to Textiles (2017). https://doi.org/10.1520/D0123-17.2

  8. Kozłowski, R.M., Mackiewicz-Talarczyk, M.: Introduction to natural textile fibres. In: Kozlowski, R.M. (ed.) Handbook of Natural Fibres: Types, Properties and Factors Affecting Breeding and Cultivation, pp. 1–8. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge (2012). https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-84569-697-9.50001-1

  9. FAO: Why natural fibres? – International Year of Natural Fibres 2009. http://www.naturalfibres2009.org/en/iynf/index.html. Accessed 14 Jan 2019

  10. Ramawat, K.G., Ahuja, M.R.: Fiber Plants: Biology, Biotechnology and Applications. (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44570-0

    Google Scholar 

  11. Medina, J.C.: Plantas Fibrosas da Flora Mundial (Exc.). Seção de Plantas Fibrosas, Instituto Agronômico, Campinas (1959)

    Google Scholar 

  12. Mittermeier, R.A., Robles-Gil, P., Mittermeier, C.G.: Megadiversity: Earth’s Biologically Wealthiest Nations. CEMEX, Mexico (1997)

    Google Scholar 

  13. Myers, N., Mittermeier, R.A., Mittermeier, C.G., Fonseca, G.A.B., Kent, J.: Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403, 853–858 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1038/35002501

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  14. Flora do Brasil 2020: Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/PrincipalUC/PrincipalUC.do;jsessionid=819C0CCA767EDF022EA58AADFF38C777#CondicaoTaxonCP. Accessed 23 February 2018. https://doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860201566411

  15. De Faria, A.P.G., Wendt, T., Brown, G.K.: A revision of Aechmea subgenus Macrochordion (Bromeliaceae) based on phenetic analyses of morphological variation. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 162, 1–27 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.01019.x

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  16. Pio-Corrêa, M.: Dicionário de Plantas Úteis do Brasil e das Exóticas Cultivadas. Brasil - Ministério da Agricultura, Indústria e Comércio, Rio de Janeiro (1926)

    Google Scholar 

  17. Durigan, G., Baitello, J.B., Corrêa, G.A.D., de Siqueira, M.F.: Plantas do Cerrado Paulista: Imagens de uma paisagem ameaçada. Páginas & Letras, São Paulo (2004)

    Google Scholar 

  18. Markova, I.: Textile Fiber Microscopy: A Practical Approach. Wiley, Hoboken (2019)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  19. Kozłowski, R.M., Mackiewicz-Talarczyk, M., Allam, A.M.: Bast fibres: flax. In: Kozłowski, R.M. (ed.) Handbook of Natural Fibres: Types, Properties and Factors Affecting Breeding and Cultivation, pp. 56–113. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge (2012). https://doi.org/10.1533/9780857095503.1.56

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  20. Muzyczek, M.: The use of flax and hemp for textile applications. In: Kozłowski, R.M. (ed.) Handbook of Natural Fibres: Processing and Applications, pp. 312–328. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge (2012). https://doi.org/10.1533/9780857095510.2.312

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  21. ASTM D276-12: Standard Test Methods for Identification of Fibers in Textiles (2012)

    Google Scholar 

  22. Gong, J., Zhang, Q., Lou, J., Zhang, T., Li, H., Li, Z., Li, Q., Zhang, J.: Investigation of the degradation of bio-recalcitrance in Apocynum venetum fiber biodegumming. J. Nat. Fibers 16, 1–12 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1080/15440478.2017.1379043

  23. Jabli, M., Tka, N., Ramzi, K., Saleh, T.A.: Physicochemical characteristics and dyeing properties of lignin-cellulosic fibers derived from Nerium oleander. J. Mol. Liq. 249, 1138–1144 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MOLLIQ.2017.11.126

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  24. Sena Neto, A.R., Araujo, M.A.M., Souza, F. V.D., Mattoso, L.H.C., Marconcini, J.M.: Characterization and comparative evaluation of thermal, structural, chemical, mechanical and morphological properties of six pineapple leaf fiber varieties for use in composites. Ind. Crops Prod. 43, 529–537 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.08.001

  25. Morton, W.E., Hearle, J.W.S.: Physical Properties of Textile Fibres. The Textile Institute, Manchester (1997)

    Google Scholar 

  26. Harwood, J., Harwood, R.: Testing of natural textile fibres. In: Handbook of Natural Fibres, pp. 345–390. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge (2012)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the funding by Support Foundation of the Institute for Technological Research, FIPT, Brazil, under grants FLORATEXTIL I. “This work is also supported by FEDER funds through the Competitivity Factors Operational Programme - COMPETE and by national funds through FCT – Foundation for Science and Technology within the scope of the project POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007136”.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Rayana Santiago de Queiroz , Ana Cristina Broega or António Pedro Garcia Valadares Souto .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

de Queiroz, R.S., Broega, A.C., Souto, A.P.G.V. (2020). Unique Natural Fibers: Physicochemical Characteristics of Lignin-Cellulosic Fibers from Aechmea Bromeliifolia Leaves. In: Di Bucchianico, G., Shin, C., Shim, S., Fukuda, S., Montagna, G., Carvalho, C. (eds) Advances in Industrial Design. AHFE 2020. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 1202. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-51194-4_101

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-51194-4_101

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-51193-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-51194-4

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)