Skip to main content

Ergonomic Characteristics and Usage Habits of aAdult Backpack

  • 971 Accesses

Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC,volume 1203)


As the most commonly used storage tool, backpack is one of the daily necessities for adults. The long-term incorrect bearing way and bearing behavior habit can cause harm to the adult’s neck, shoulder and other body parts. In this paper, adults are taken as research objects. Through questionnaires and in-depth interviews, characteristics and usage habits of adult backpacks are obtained, and the ergonomic experiment scenario of backpacks is determined. It lays the foundation for further experiments.


  • Adult backpack
  • Behavioral habits
  • Ergonomics

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-51038-1_28
  • Chapter length: 6 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
USD   229.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-51038-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   299.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.


  1. Wang, M., Aming, L., Zhang, Q., et al.: Research progress on the influence of backpacks on balance, body posture and gait of adolescents. Sports Res. 02, 12–16 (2015)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Costello, K., Matrangola, S., Madigan, M.: Independent effects of adding weight and inertia on balance during quiet standing. Biomed. Eng. Online 11(1), 20–33 (2012)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  3. Qu, X., Nussbaum, M.: Effects of external loads on balance control during upright stance: Experimental results and model-based predictions. Gait Posture 29(1), 23–30 (2009)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. Rosker, J., Markovic, G., Sarabon, N.: Effects of vertical center of mass redistribution on body sway parameters during quiet standing. Gait Posture 33(3), 452–456 (2011)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  5. Grimmer, K., Dansie, B., Milanese, S., et al.: Adolescent standing postural response to backpack loads: a randomized controlled experimental study. BMC Musculoskelet. Disord. 3(1), 10 (2002)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  6. Hong, Y., Brueggemann, G.P.: Changes in gait patterns in 10-year-old boys with increasing loads when walking on a treadmill. Gait posture 11(3), 254–259 (2000)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  7. Wang, M., Lu, A., Zhang, Q., et al.: Research review on backpacks and spinal deformity and back pain in adolescent. J. Cap. Univ. Phys. Educ. 5(2), 188–192 (2016)

    Google Scholar 

  8. Charteris, J.: Comparison of the effects of backpack loading and of walking speed on foot-floor contact patterns. Ergonomics 41(12), 1792–1809 (1998)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  9. Wang, M., Lu, A., Wang, G.: Effects of different backpacking methods on the spinal Angle of college students. In: The 10th national sports science congress (2015)

    Google Scholar 

  10. Ma, S.: Effects of different backpacks and weights on adult female gait. In: Chinese Association of Sports Science

    Google Scholar 

Download references


This research is supported by 2017 National Quality Infrastructure (2017NQI) project (2017YFF0206603) and China National Institute of Standardization through the “special funds for the basic R&D undertakings by welfare research institutions” (522019Y-6667 and 522018Y-5984).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Huimin Hu .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Hu, H., Ni, S., Li, S., Wu, H. (2020). Ergonomic Characteristics and Usage Habits of aAdult Backpack. In: Rebelo, F., Soares, M. (eds) Advances in Ergonomics in Design. AHFE 2020. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 1203. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-51037-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-51038-1

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)