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Rethinking Criminal Justice in Cyberspace: The EU E-evidence Framework as a New Model of Cross-Border Cooperation in Criminal Matters

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Part of the Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications book series (ASTSA)

Abstract

This chapter analyses the recently proposed EU legal framework on cross-border access to e-evidence for criminal justice purposes. The analysis is placed within the broader context of transformations that the use of technology brings not only on the socio-economic aspects of life but also the increasing challenges posed for the criminal justice in dealing with new forms of crime and globalisation of evidence. This study aims to contribute to the ongoing debate through an analysis of the specific provisions of the E-evidence framework, recommending amendments that would help achieve a balanced approach between efficient criminal investigations and the protection of fundamental rights. At the same time this study addresses what has not received sufficient attention: the challenges posed to traditional principles of cross-border cooperation in the EU and beyond, mutual recognition and mutual trust, the concept of jurisdiction and territoriality, dual criminality, the concept of privacy in the digital age, personal data protection and procedural rights of suspects in criminal proceedings. Through the lens of E-evidence this chapter aims to reflect on these challenges and offer new perspectives.

Keywords

Electronic evidence Cross border access Data protection Criminal proceedings European production order European preservation order CLOUD Act  

List of Abbreviations

AFSJ

Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

Art.

Article/Articles

CCC

Convention on Cybercrime

CFR

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

CJEU

Court of Justice of the European Union

GDPR

General Data Protection Regulation

ECHR

European Convention on Human Rights

EIO

European Investigation Order

EPOC

European Production Order (Certificate)

EPOC-PR

European Preservation Order (Certificate)

EU

European Union

JHA

Justice and Home Affairs

LEA/LEAs

Law Enforcement Authority/Authorities

MLA

Mutual Legal Assistance

MS/MSs

Member State/Member States

TEU

Treaty on the European Union

TFEU

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union

US

United States of America

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author wishes to thank Sabine Michalowski and Donald Nicolson for their comments on an earlier draft.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of EssexColchesterUK

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