Optic Disc and Fovea Detection in Color Eye Fundus Images

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 12132)


The optic disc (OD) and the fovea are relevant landmarks in fundus images. Their localization and segmentation can facilitate the detection of some retinal lesions and the assessment of their importance to the severity and progression of several eye disorders. Distinct methodologies have been developed for detecting these structures, mainly based on color and vascular information. The methodology herein described combines the entropy of the vessel directions with the image intensities for finding the OD center and uses a sliding band filter for segmenting the OD. The fovea center corresponds to the darkest point inside a region defined from the OD position and radius. Both the Messidor and the IDRiD datasets are used for evaluating the performance of the developed methods. In the first one, a success rate of 99.56% and 100.00% are achieved for OD and fovea localization. Regarding the OD segmentation, the mean Jaccard index and Dice’s coefficient obtained are 0.87 and 0.94, respectively. The proposed methods are also amongst the top-3 performing solutions submitted to the IDRiD online challenge.


Fundus image analysis Optic disc localization Optic disc segmentation Fovea localization Sliding band filter 



This work is financed by the ERDF – European Regional Development Fund through the Operational Programme for Competitiveness and Internationalisation – COMPETE 2020 Programme, and by National Funds through the FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia within project.


Tânia Melo is funded by the FCT grant SFRH/BD/145329/2019. Teresa Araújo is funded by the FCT grant SFRH/BD/122365/2016.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.INESC TEC - Institute for Systems and Computer EngineeringTechnology and SciencePortoPortugal
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering of the University of PortoPortoPortugal

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