Africa-EU Relations and the Politics of International Development
- 206 Downloads
The First and Second World Wars had devastating consequences for Europe and other parts of the world. They were characterised by a massive loss of human lives and the devastation of countries within and outside of Europe. Europe alone lost over 39 million people to the war and political and economic systems in many countries were permanently altered (Kesternich et al. in The Effects of World War II on Economic and Health Outcomes Across Europe, 2012: 1). With the end of World War II in 1945, an ideological struggle referred to as the Cold War ensued between the two major powers, the United States of America (USA) and the defunct Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
- African Union. 2019. The Partnership and Joint Africa-EU Strategy. https://www.africa-eu-partnership.org/en/partnership-and-joint-africa-eu-strategy. Accessed 18 April 2019.
- Bossuyt, Jean. 2017. Can EU-Africa Relations be Deepened? A Perspective on Power Relations, Interests and Incentives. Briefing Note No. 97. The European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM). The Netherlands.Google Scholar
- Brookings. 2011. From Aid to Global Development Cooperation. The 2011 Brookings Blum Rountable Briefs. USA.Google Scholar
- Carbone, Maurizio. 2012. Between EU Actorness and Aid Effectiveness: The Logics of EU Aid to Sub-Saharan Africa. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Società Italiana di Scienza Politica (SISP), University of Rome III.Google Scholar
- ECLAC and OECD. 2018. Emerging Challenges and Shifting Paradigms: New Perspectives on International Cooperation for Development. United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the Development Centre of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Santiago, Chile.Google Scholar
- European NGO Confederation for Relief and Development-CONCORD. 2014. EU-Africa: An Unfair Relationship That Needs Change. Brussels, Belgium. https://concordeurope.org/blog/2014/04/03/eu-africa-an-unfair-relationship-that-needs-change/.
- European Parliament. 2017. The Joint Africa-EU Strategy. Directorate-General for External Policies- Policy Department, Brussels, Belgium.Google Scholar
- European Parliament. 2018. The Historical Development of European Integration. Brussels, Belgium.Google Scholar
- European Union. 1992. The Treaty on European Union. Brussels, Belgium.Google Scholar
- European Union. 2019. Africa-EU Cooperation. https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/regions/africa/africa-eu-continental-cooperation_en.
- Huigens, Judith, and Arne Niemann. 2011. The G8 ½: The EU’s Contested and Ambiguous Actorness in the G8. Cambridge Review of International Affairs 24(4): 629–657.Google Scholar
- International Monetary Fund. 2003. External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users. Washington, DC: IMF.Google Scholar
- European Union and African Union. 2007. The Africa-EU Strategic Partnership: A Joint Africa-EU Strategy. Portugal. https://africa-eupartnership.org/sites/default/files/eas2007_joint_strategy_en_0.pdf.
- Kesternich, Iris, Bettina Siflinger, James P. Smith, and Joachim K. Winter. 2012. The Effects of World War II on Economic and Health Outcomes Across Europe. RAND Labour and Population Working Paper Series, USA.Google Scholar
- Koroma, Abdul Karim. 1996. Sierra Leone: The Agony of a Nation. Freetown, Sierra Leone: Andromeda Publications.Google Scholar
- Truman, Harry. S. 1949. Inaugural Speech as President of the United States of America. https://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/truman.asp.
- United Nations. 2019. Sustainable Development Goals. New York, USA. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/.
- Virtual Centre for Knowledge about Europe. 2016. The Cold War (1945–1989). University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg.Google Scholar
- Wilson, Theodore A. 1977. The Marshall Plan an Atlantic Venture of 1947–1951 and How It Shaped Our World. Headline Series 236, Foreign Policy Association, USA.Google Scholar
- World Economic Forum. 2019. Here’s How We Can Eradicate Poverty in Africa Faster. Geneva, Switzerland.Google Scholar