The Revolution Continues: Sudanese Women’s Activism
- 41 Downloads
This chapter historicizes the evolution of Sudanese women’s activism beginning with the facets of the former regime's Islamization project. It highlights how women’s bodies and ideas of morality and respectability are employed by the state as sites of control, effectively revealing the key mobilizing points of the Sudanese women’s movement post-1989. The chapter examines the ways in which the political context in Sudan has influenced space for activism and explores responses to the erasure of civic space. In uncovering the overlooked nuances emerging from the #FallThatIsAll movement, the chapter engages with the change in discourse surrounding women’s activism and underlines the sustenance of feminist resistance as constant, be it under oppressive regimes or popular uprisings.
- Abdalaziz, S., Elbagir, N., & Nasir, S. (2019). They Tried to Use Rape to Silence Women Protesters. It Didn’t Work. Retrieved from https://edition.cnn.com/2019/05/17/africa/sudan-protests-asequals-intl/index.html.
- Abdulbari, N. (2019). Why Women Led the Uprising in Sudan. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2019/04/12/why-women-led-uprising-sudan/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.056ca258e060.
- African Center for Justice and Peace Studies. (2016). Sudan’s New Law on Rape and Sexual Harassment, One Step Forward Two Steps Back? Retrieved from http://www.acjps.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Sudan%E2%80%99s-new-law-on-rape-and-sexual-harassment-One-step-forward-two-steps-back_-.pdf.
- Ali, N. M. (2015). Gender, Race, and Sudan’s Exile Politics: Do We All Belong to This Country? Lanham: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
- Badri, B. (2005). Feminist Perspectives in the Sudan: An Analytical Overview. Berlin.Google Scholar
- Badri, B. (2008). Feminist Perspectives in Sudan. In B. Badri (Ed.), Sudanese Women Profile and Pathways to Empowerment (pp. 42–70). Ahfad University for Women.Google Scholar
- Badri, B. Y., & Tripp, A. M. (2017). Women’s Activism in Africa: Struggles for Rights and Representation. London: Zed Books Ltd.Google Scholar
- Elhassan, S. (2019). Sudan’s Revolution Isn’t a Fluke, It’s Tradition. Retrieved from https://www.okayafrica.com/sudans-revolution-isnt-a-fluke-its-tradition/.
- Foucault, M. (1978). The history of sexuality (OKS Print.) New York: Pantheon Books.Google Scholar
- Gayoum, A. A. (2011). 149 Campaign in Sudan. London: Women Living Under Muslim Laws; Sudan: Salmmah Women’s Resource Centre.Google Scholar
- Gqola, P. D. (2001). Ufanele Uqavile: Black Women, Feminisms and Postcoloniality in Africa. Agenda, 50, 11–22.Google Scholar
- Hale, S. (2015, February 12). Sudanese Feminists, Civil Society, and the Islamist Military. Retrieved from https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/5050/sudanesefeminists-civil-society-and-islamist-military/.
- Hale, S., & Kadoda, G. (2013). Greater Khartoum’s Civil Society and Women’s NGOs: Sudan’s Changing Politics.Google Scholar
- Hawkesworth, M. (2012). Political Worlds of Women: Activism, Advocacy, and Governance in the Twenty-First Century. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
- Human Rights Watch. (2016). “Good Girls Don’t Protest”: Repression and Abuse of Women Human Rights Defenders, Activists, and Protesters in Sudan.Google Scholar
- Kandiyoti, D. (1991a). Identity and Its discontents: Women and the Nation. Millennium: Journal of International studies, 20(3), 431.Google Scholar
- Malik, N. (2019a). I Saw the Brutality of Bashir’s Regime. Now Sudan Can Rediscover a Lost Identity. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/apr/12/bashir-regime-sudan-identity-khartoum-arab-dictator.
- Malik, N. (2019b). She’s an Icon of Sudan’s Revolution. But the Woman in White Obscures Vital Truths. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/apr/24/icon-sudan-revolution-woman-in-white.
- Mama Cash & Urgent Action Fund. (2017). Standing Firm: Women- and Trans-Led Organisations Respond to Closing Space for Civil Society.Google Scholar
- Moghadam, V. (1998). Women, Work, and Economic Reform in the Middle East and North Africa. London: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
- Moghissi, H. (2004). Women and Islam: Critical Concepts in Sociology: Social Conditions, Obstacles and prospects. London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
- Nageeb, S. A. (2004). New Spaces and Old Frontiers: Women, Social Space, and Islamization in Sudan. Lanham: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
- Noon Movement. (2019). [Press Release]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/noonforwomen/status/1123561020423790593.
- Osman, A. (2014). Beyond the Pan-Africanist Agenda: Sudanese Women’s Movement. Achievements and Challenges. Feminist Africa, 19, 43.Google Scholar
- Salah, W. (2015). Amendments to Sudanese Criminal Law. Retrieved from https://www.opendemocracy.net/north-africa-west-asia/walaa-salah/new-amendments-to-sudanese-criminal-law.
- Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa, Redress Trust. (2017). Criminalisation of Sudanese Women: A Need for Fundamental Reform. Retrieved from http://sihanet.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Criminalization-of-Women-in-Sudan.pdf.
- Sudan Criminal Act, Federal Ministry of Justice. (1991). Retrieved from https://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/ELECTRONIC/80450/118284/F-1325877900/SDN80450%20Eng.pdf.
- Sudan Female Activists Seek Half of Transitional Authority. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20190508-sudanese-female-activists-claiming-half-of-transitional-authority/.
- Tønnessen, L., & al-Nagar, S. (2015). Women and Girls Caught Between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015. Retrieved from https://www.cmi.no/publications/5661-women-and-girls-caught-between-rape-and-adultery.
- WLUML. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.wluml.org/node/5408.