Skip to main content

Doing IR: Securing Children

  • 227 Accesses

Abstract

The opportunity to reflect on children and security in an edited collection is of course a symbol of promise and a marker of prospects. It is also perhaps without precedent. It is rare for a substantial referent to receive attention this late in a field of enquiry.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-46063-1_5
  • Chapter length: 25 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-46063-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

References

  • Agathangelou, Anna M., and Kyle D. Killian. 2011. “(Neo) Zones of Violence: Reconstructing Empire on the Bodies of Militarized Youth.” In The Militarization of Childhood: Thinking Beyond the Global South, edited by J. Marshall Beier, 17–41. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Aly, Anne, and Leila Green. 2010. “Fear, Anxiety and the State of Terror.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 33 (3): 268–281. https://doi.org/10.1080/10576100903555796.

  • Amazon. 2019a. Accessed 27 January 2019. https://www.amazon.ca/Talking-about-Terrorism-Alison-Jamieson/dp/1783172789.

  • Amazon. 2019b. Accessed 27 January 2019. https://www.amazon.co.uk/Global-Conflict-Children-Our-World/dp/1526300508.

  • Arbuthnot, Sean. 2019. “SMA Event Training.” Accessed 9 July 2019. https://www.smapreventtraining.com/.

  • Arshad-Ayaz, Adeela, and M. Ayaz Naseem. 2017. “Creating ‘Invited’ Spaces for Counter-Radicalization and Counter-Extremism Education.” Diaspora, Indigenous, and Minority Education 11 (1): 6–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/15595692.2016.1258695.

  • Askins, Kye, and Matej Blazek. 2017. “Feeling Our Way: Academia, Emotions and a Politics of Care.” Social and Cultural Geography 18 (8): 1086–1105. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649365.2016.1240224.

  • Awan, Imran, Keith Spiller, and Andrew Whiting. 2019. Terrorism in the Classroom: Security, Surveillance and a Public Duty to Act. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bacon, Kate, and Sam Frankel. 2014. “Rethinking Children’s Citizenship: Negotiating Structure, Shaping Meanings.” International Journal of Children’s Rights 22 (1): 21–42. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718182-55680003.

  • Baylis, John, and Steve Smith. 1997. The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Baylis, John, Steve Smith, and Patricia Owens. 2017. The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • BBC. 2019. “The Orphanage Business.” 20 January. Accessed 1 July 2019. https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m00020z7.

  • Beazley, Harriot, Sharon Bessell, Judith Ennew, and Roxana Waterson. 2009. “The Right to Be Properly Researched: Research with Children in a Messy, Real World.” Children’s Geographies 7 (4): 365–378. https://doi.org/10.1080/14733280903234428.

  • Beier, J. Marshall. 2016. “Critical Interventions: Subjects, Objects, and Security.” In Contemporary Security Studies, 4th ed., edited by Alan Collins, 108–121. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Beier, J. Marshall. 2019. “Poststructural Insights: Making Subjects and Objects of Security.” In Contemporary Security Studies, 5th ed., edited by Alan Collins, 111–125. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Benwell, Matthew C., and Peter Hopkins. 2016. “Introducing Children’s and Young Peoples’ Critical Geographies.” In Children, Young People and Critical Geopolitics, edited by Matthew C. Benwell and Peter Hopkins. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Berents, Helen. 2019. “Apprehending the ‘Telegenic Dead’: Considering Images of Dead Children in Global Politics.” International Political Sociology 13 (2): 145–160. https://doi.org/10.1093/ips/oly036.

  • Booth, Ken. 1995. “Dare Not to Know: International Relations Theory Versus the Future.” In International Relations Theory Today, edited by Ken Booth and Steve Smith, 328–350. Oxford: Polity Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Booth, Ken. 2007. Theory of World Security. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bourke, Joanna. 2014. Wounding the World: How Military Violence and War-Play Invade Our Lives. London: Virago.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brocklehurst, Helen. 2000. “Children as Political Bodies: Concepts, Cases and Theories.” PhD thesis, University of Wales, Aberystwyth.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brocklehurst, Helen. 2003. “Kids ‘R’ Us? Children as Political Bodies.” International Journal of Politics and Ethics 3 (1): 79–92.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brocklehurst, Helen. 2006. Who’s Afraid of Children? Children, Conflict and International Relations. Aldershot: Ashgate.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brocklehurst, Helen. 2011. “Education and the War on Terror: The Early Years.” In The Militarization of Childhood: Thinking Beyond the Global South, edited by J. Marshall Beier, 77–94. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brocklehurst, Helen. 2015. “The State of Play: Securities of Childhood— Insecurities of Children.” Critical Studies on Security 3 (1): 29–46. https://doi.org/10.1080/21624887.2015.1014679.

  • Brocklehurst, Helen, and Robert Phillips, eds. 2004. History, Nationhood and the Question of Britain. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Burtis, Martha. 2017. “Messy & Chaotic Learning: A Domains Presentation at Keene State College.” 31 March. Accessed 1 July 2019. http://wrapping.marthaburtis.net/2017/04/.

  • Busby, Eleanor. 2018. “Living in Fear: One in Three Muslim Students Attacked on Campus as Islamophobic Hate Crime Surges.” The Independent, 16 March. Accessed 1 July 2019. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/education/education-news/muslim-students-universities-islamophobic-national-union-students-nus-prevent-duty-a8260176.html.

  • Carpenter, R. Charli. 2006. ‘Innocent Women and Children’: Gender, Norms and the Protection of Civilians. London: Ashgate.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cheney, Kristen E., and Karen Smith Rotabi. 2016. “Addicted to Orphans: How the Global Orphan Industrial Complex Jeopardizes Local Child Protection Systems.” In Geographies of Children and Young People: Conflicts, Violence and Peace, edited by Christopher Harker and Kathrin Hörschelmann, 89–107. New York: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Collins, Alan, ed. 2007. Contemporary Security Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Collins, Alan, ed. 2016. Contemporary Security Studies, 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Collins, Alan, ed. 2019. Contemporary Security Studies, 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cook, Philip. 2013. “Against a Minimum Voting Age.” Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (3): 439–458. https://doi.org/10.1080/13698230.2013.795707.

  • Cox, Josie. 2019. “Greta Thunberg’s Speech at Davos Shows That If Anyone Is Going to Save the World, It’s Generation Z.” The Independent, 25 January. Accessed 1 July 2019. https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/davos-greta-thunberg-climate-change-global-warming-a8746536.html.

  • Crane-Seeber, Jesse Paul. 2016. “Sexy Warriors: The Politics and Pleasures of Submission to the State.” Critical Military Studies 2 (1–2): 41–55. https://doi.org/10.1080/23337486.2016.1144402.

  • Davies, Lynn. 2018. “Review of Educational Initiatives in Counter-Extremism Internationally: What Works?” The Segerstedt Institute Report, University of Gothenburg.

    Google Scholar 

  • D’Costa, Bina, ed. 2016. Children and Violence: Politics of Conflict in South Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • de Oliveira, Eddie. 2019. “Myths About Migrants.” First News, 11–17 January, 656.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dumas, Michael J., and Joseph Derrick Nelson. 2016. “(Re)Imagining Black Boyhood: Toward a Critical Framework for Educational Research.” Harvard Educational Review 86 (1): 27–47. https://doi.org/10.17763/0017-8055.86.1.27.

  • Edventure. 2019. Accessed 1 July 2019. https://edventurepartners.com/.

  • Enloe, Cynthia. 1996. “Margins, Silences and Bottom Rungs: How to Overcome the Underestimation of Power in the Study of International Relations.” In International Theory: Positivism and Beyond, edited by Steve Smith, Ken Booth and Marysia Zalewski, 186–202. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Favilli, Elena, and Francesca Cavallo. 2017. Good Night Stories for Rebel Girls. Particular Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ferguson, Donna. 2019. “Poetry Sales Soar as Political Millennials Search for Clarity.” The Guardian, 21 January. Accessed 1 July 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/jan/21/poetry-sales-soar-as-political-millennials-search-for-clarity.

  • Flood, Alison. 2017. “Usborne Apologises for Puberty Book That Says Breasts Exist to Make Girls ‘Look Grown-up and Attractive’.” The Guardian, 29 August. Accessed 1 July 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2017/aug/29/usborne-apologises-puberty-book-childrens-publisher.

  • Graham, Alicia Claire. 2018. “From Combatant to Casualty Challenging Conceptions of Children’s Political Agency in Colombia.” Newcastle University Thesis. Accessed 1 July 2019. https://theses.ncl.ac.uk/jspui/handle/10443/4107.

  • Grantham-McGregor, Sally, Yin Bun Cheung, Santiago Cueto, Paul Glewwe, Linda Richter, Barbara Strupp, and the International Child Development Steering Group. 2007. “Developmental Potential in the First 5 Years for Children in Developing Countries.” The Lancet 369 (9555): 60–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(07)60032-4.

  • Griffin, Christine. 1993. Representations of Youth: The Study of Youth and Adolescence in Britain and America. Cambridge: Polity Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Guerrina, Roberta. 2002. “Mothering in Europe: Feminist Critique of European Policies on Motherhood and Employment.” European Journal of Women’s Studies 9 (1): 49–68. https://doi.org/10.1177/1350506802009001381.

  • Hillis, Susan, James Mercy, Adaugo Amobi, and Howard Kress. 2016. “Global Prevalence of Past-year Violence Against Children: A Systematic Review and Minimum Estimates.” Pediatrics 137 (3): 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2015-4079.

  • Holt, Jenny. 2008. Public School Literature, Civic Education and the Politics of Male Adolescence. Farnham: Ashgate.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hopkins, Peter, Kathrin Hörschelmann, Matthew. C Benwell, and Catherine Studemeyer. 2019. “Young People’s Everyday Landscapes of Security and Insecurity.” Social & Cultural Geography 20 (4): 435–444. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649365.2018.1460863.

  • Hörschelmann, Kathrin. 2016. “Crossing Points: Contesting Militarism in the Spaces of Children’s Everyday Lives in Britain and Germany.” In Children, Young People and Critical Geopolitics, edited by Matthew C. Benwell and Peter Hopkins, 29–44. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Huebner, G., N. Boothby, J. L. Aber, G. L. Darmstadt, A. Diaz, A. S. Masten, H. Yoshikawa, I. Redlener, A. Emmel, M. Pitt, L. Arnold, B. Barber, B. Berman, R. Blum, M. Canavera, J. Eckerle, N. A. Fox, J. L. Gibbons, S. W. Hargarten, C. Landers, C. A. Nelson III, S. D. Pollak, V. Rauh, M. Samson, F. Ssewamala, N. St Clair, L. Stark, R. Waldman, M. Wessells, S. L. Wilson, and C. H. Zeanah. 2016. Beyond Survival: The Case for Investing in Young Children Globally. Washington, DC: National Academy of Medicine.

    Google Scholar 

  • Huijsmans, Roy. 2016. “Generationing Development: An Introduction.” In Generationing Development: A Relational Approach to Children, Youth and Development, edited by Roy Huijsmans, 1–31. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Huynh, Kim, Bina D’Costa, and Katrina Lee-Koo. 2015. Children and Global Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hyndman, Jennifer. 2018. “To Help or Not to Help? Humanitarian Spaces, Power and Government.” In Handbook on the Geographies of Power, edited by Mat Coleman and John Agnew, 380–392. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ide, Tobias. 2017. “Terrorism in the Textbook: A Comparative Analysis of Terrorism Discourses in Germany, India, Kenya and the United States Based on School Textbooks.” Cambridge Review of International Affairs 30 (1) 44–66. https://doi.org/10.1080/09557571.2017.1293611.

  • Jacob, Cecilia. 2014. Child Security in Asia: The Impact of Armed Conflict in Cambodia and Myanmar. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jamieson, Alison, and Jane Flint. 2017. Talking About Terrorism: Responding to Children’s Questions. Bedfordshire: Brilliant Publications.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jarvis, Lee. 2018. “Toward a Vernacular Security Studies: Origins, Interlocutors, Contributions, and Challenges.” International Studies Review 21 (1): 107–126. https://doi.org/10.1093/isr/viy017.

  • Jarvis, Lee, and Nick Robinson. 2019. “War, Time and Military Videogames: Heterogeneities and Critical Potential.” Critical Military Studies (online in advance of print): 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1080/23337486.2019.1573014.

  • Johansson, Barbro. 2012. “Doing Adulthood in Childhood Research.” Childhood: A Global Journal of Child Research 19 (1): 101–114. https://doi.org/10.1177/0907568211408362.

  • Kallio, Kirsi Pauliina. 2019. “Leading Refugee Lives Together: Familial Agency as a Political Capacity.” Emotion, Space and Society 32: 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emospa.2018.08.002.

  • Kallio, Kirsi Pauliina, and Jouni Häkli, 2011. “Tracing Children’s Politics.” Political Geography 30 (2): 99–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2011.01.006.

  • Kent, George. 1995. Children in the International Political Economy. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Liht, Jose, and Sara Savage. 2013. “Preventing Violent Extremism Through Value Complexity: Being Muslim Being British.” Journal of Strategic Security 6 (4): 44–66. https://doi.org/10.5038/1944-0472.6.4.3.

  • Lilley, Kathleen, Michelle Barker, and Neil Harris. 2014. “Exploring the Process of Global Citizen Learning and the Student Mind-Set.” Journal of Studies in International Education 19 (3): 225–245. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315314547822.

  • Lind, Jacob. 2019. “Sacrificing Parents on the Altar of Children’s Rights: Intergenerational Struggles and Rights in Deportability.” Emotion, Space and Society 32: 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emospa.2018.07.001.

  • Mountz, Alison, Anne Bonds, Becky Mansfield, Jenna Loyd, Jennider Hyndman, Margaret Walton-Roberts, Ranu Basu, Risa Whitson, Roberta Hawkins, Trina Hamilton, and Winifred Curran. 2015. “For Slow Scholarship: A Feminist Politics of Resistance Through Collective Action in the Neoliberal University.” ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies 14 (4): 1235–1259.

    Google Scholar 

  • Neale, Palena R. 1998. “Constructions, Catholicism and Cairo: The Catholic Construction of Woman, the Holy See, and the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD).” PhD thesis, University of Wales, Aberystwyth.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nguyen, Nicole. 2018. “‘That’s Just My Own Homeland Security Instinct’: Teaching Terror in Times of War.” Critical Military Studies 4 (1): 17–33 https://doi.org/10.1080/23337486.2016.1215073.

  • Özerdem, Alpaslan, and Sukanya Podder, eds. 2011. Child Soldiers: From Recruitment to Reintegration. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Özerdem, Alpaslan, and Sukanya Podder. 2016. Youth in Conflict and Peacebuilding: Mobilization, Reintegration and Reconciliation. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Perl, Gerhild, and Sabine Strasser. 2018. “Transnational Moralities: The Politics of Ir/Responsibility of and Against the EU Border Regime.” Identities 25 (5): 507–523. https://doi.org/10.1080/1070289x.2018.1507979.

  • Pin-Fat, Véronique. 2019. “‘What’s Love Got to Do with It?’ Ethics, Emotions, and Encounter in International Relations.” Review of International Studies 45 (2): 181–200. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0260210518000426.

  • PSA. 2015. “PSA’s Women and Politics Specialist Group’s Response to Department for Education’s a Level Politics Subject Content Consultation.” December. Accessed 1 July 2019. https://www.psa.ac.uk/sites/default/files/a-level%20politics%20consultation%20-%20w%26p%20response.pdf.

  • Pupavac, Vanessa. 1997. “The Deviant South: The Globalisation of Childhood and the Creation of a New Moral Order.” Paper presented to British International Studies Association.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rasmussen, Jacob. 2017. “Political Becoming and Non-State Emergence in Kenya’s Security Sector: Mungiki as Security Operator.” In Private Security in Africa: From the Global Assemblage to the Everyday, edited by Paul Higate and Mats Utas, 120–141. London: Zed Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rech, Matthew F. 2014. “Be Part of the Story: A Popular Geopolitics of War Comics Aesthetics and Royal Air Force Recruitment.” Political Geography 39: 36–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2013.07.002.

  • Rosen, Michael, and Annemarie Young. 2016. Who Are Refugees and Migrants? What Makes People Leave Their Homes? And Other Big Questions. London. Wayland Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Salter, Mark B. 2011. “The Geographical Imaginations of Video Games: Diplomacy, Civilization, America’s Army and Grand Theft Auto IV.” Geopolitics 16 (2): 359–388. https://doi.org/10.1080/14650045.2010.538875.

  • Seto, Donna. 2013. No Place for a War Baby: The Global Politics of Children Born of Wartime Sexual Violence. Abingdon: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sharp, Joanne. 2007. “Geography and Gender: Finding Feminist Political Geographies.” Progress in Human Geography 31 (3): 381–387. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132507077091.

  • Spilsbury, Louise A., and Hanane Kai. 2018. Global Conflict. Hauppauge: B.E.S. Publishing.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stavrianakis, Anna, and Maria Stern. 2018. “Militarism and Security: Dialogue, Possibilities and Limits.” Security Dialogue 49 (1–2): 3–18. https://doi.org/10.1177/0967010617748528.

  • Stephens, Sharon. 1997. “‘Nationalism, Nuclear Policy and Children in Cold War America.” Childhood: A Global Journal of Child Research 4 (1): 103–123. https://doi.org/10.1177/0907568297004001006.

  • Stevens, Daniel, and Nick Vaughan-Williams. 2016. Everyday Security Threats: Perceptions, Experiences, and Consequences. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sukarieh, Mayssoun, and Stuart Tannock. 2018. “The Global Securitisation of Youth.” Third World Quarterly 39 (5): 854–870. https://doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2017.1369038.

  • Tabak, Jana. 2020. The Child and the World: Child-Soldiers and the Claim for Progress. Athens: University of Georgia Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • TES. 2019. “ISIS and the Dangers of Radicalisation, Extremism and Terrorism.” Accessed 1 July 2019. https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/isis-and-the-dangers-of-radicalisation-extremism-and-terrorism-11085624.

  • Vaha, Milla Emilia, and Leena Vastapuu. 2018. “‘My Heart Was Already Cooked’: Girl Soldiers and Situated Moral Agencies.” Cambridge Review of International Affairs 31 (2): 223–238. https://doi.org/10.1080/09557571.2018.1495180.

  • Watson, Alison M. S. 2006. “Children and International Relations: A New Site of Knowledge?” Review of International Studies 32 (2): 237–250. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0260210506007005.

  • Wells, Karen. 2017. “Children’s Experiences of Sexual Violence, Psychological Trauma, Death, and Injury in War.” In Conflict, Violence and Peace, edited by Christopher and Harker Kathrin Hörschelmann, 19–34. Singapore: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Williams, James H., and Wendy D. Bokhorst-Heng, eds. 2016. (Re)Constructing Memory: Textbooks, Identity, Nation, and State. Leiden: Sense Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Williams, Paul D., ed. 2008. Security Studies: An Introduction. Abingdon: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Williams, Paul D., and Matt McDonald, eds. 2018. Security Studies: An Introduction, 3rd ed. Abingdon: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Woodyer, Tara, and Sean Carter. 2018. “Domesticating the Geopolitical: Rethinking Popular Geopolitics Through Play.” Geopolitics. Online in Advance of Print. https://doi.org/10.1080/14650045.2018.1527769.

  • World Health Organization. 2016. “Child Mortality Rates Plunge by More Than Half Since 1990 but Global MDG Target Missed by Wide Margin.” Accessed 1 July 2019. https://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2015/child-mortality-report/en/.

  • Wyness, Michael. 2006. Childhood and Society: An Introduction to the Sociology of Childhood. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Helen Brocklehurst .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 The Author(s)

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Brocklehurst, H. (2020). Doing IR: Securing Children. In: Beier, J. (eds) Discovering Childhood in International Relations. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-46063-1_5

Download citation