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Trauma, Healing, and Justice: Native Hawaiian Women in Hawaii’s Criminal Justice System

Part of the Palgrave Studies in Race, Ethnicity, Indigeneity and Criminal Justice book series (PSREICJ)

Abstract

Native Hawaiian women comprise 21% of the female population in Hawaii but account for 40% of the jail and prison population. Research indicates that the harmful effects of trauma are contributing factors to the disproportionate representation of Native Hawaiian women within Hawaii’s prison system. The disturbingly high rates and negative indicators contribute to severe disruptions in Native Hawaiian families, the intergenerational cycle of involvement in the criminal justice system, isolation from the community, and the negative impacts on educational and employment opportunities. This chapter will discuss community efforts to support women in, as well as those exiting prison, that continued after the Trauma-Informed Care Initiative (TICI) at the Women’s Community Correctional Center (WCCC) ended in 2012. Direct and social incarceration costs and savings, along with evaluative data analysis of three specific initiatives will also be included.

Keywords

  • Native Hawaiian women
  • Incarceration
  • Historical trauma
  • Direct and social incarceration costs
  • Reentry
  • Gender, culturally responsive, and trauma informed

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Notes

  1. 1.

    For more detailed information about TICI at WCCC see, SAMSHA’s 2012 article, Creating a place of healing and forgiveness: The Trauma-Informed Care Initiative as the Women’s Community Correctional Center, and Can prison be a place of healing? The Trauma-Informed Care Initiative at the Women’s Community Correctional Center, by M. Patterson, P. Uchigakiuchi and T. Bissen, 2013.

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Correspondence to Toni Bissen .

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Bissen, T. (2020). Trauma, Healing, and Justice: Native Hawaiian Women in Hawaii’s Criminal Justice System. In: George, L., Norris, A.N., Deckert, A., Tauri, J. (eds) Neo-Colonial Injustice and the Mass Imprisonment of Indigenous Women. Palgrave Studies in Race, Ethnicity, Indigeneity and Criminal Justice. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-44567-6_10

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-44567-6_10

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  • Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-44566-9

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-44567-6

  • eBook Packages: Law and CriminologyLaw and Criminology (R0)