Design and Development of International Sampling Procedures for Comparative International Research in Mathematics Education: Challenges and Solutions



The design and development of international sampling procedures for FIRSTMATH was directed at resolving issues related to definitions, sampling, and methods before launching a larger comparative study of beginning mathematics teachers. Through the process of planning and enacting the FIRSTMATH study the research team was able to (a) develop a common definition of a “beginning teacher,” (b) determine feasible stratified sampling plans, (c) gain access to teachers and classrooms to collect data, and (d) achieve high response rates.


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mary Lou Fulton Teachers CollegeArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  2. 2.Educational PsychologyUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.College of EducationMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  4. 4.Center for Science, Mathematics & Computer EducationUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA
  5. 5.Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics, the University of SofiaInstitute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  6. 6.Oakland Community CollegeEast LansingUSA

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