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A Model-Driven Approach to Unravel the Interoperability Problem of the Internet of Things

Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC,volume 1151)

Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT) aims for connecting Anything, Anywhere, Anytime (AAA). This premise brings about heterogeneity that creates connectivity challenges. These challenges constitutes a serious obstacle to interoperability between things. Most existing approaches tackles the interoperability problem by avoiding heterogeneity with standards at runtime. While heterogeneity is an intrinsic feature of the IoT, there is a need for an approach that embraces it to connect AAA. In this paper we propose a model-based methodology to tackle the interoperability problem. It relies on a Domain-Specific Language (DSL) for a model-based specification of the network and a transformation process to generate the network artifacts from this specification. The principle consists of achieving interoperability at the model-level, then during a transformation process, ensuring that it is preserved in the low-level code. Adopting this methodology makes the engineering of the IoT more rigorous, prevents bugs earlier and saves time.

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-44041-1_100
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Notes

  1. 1.

    The concept of smart scenario refers to the ability to achieve a [smart] goal using multiple contextual factors (e.g., states of a thing, properties of a thing, space, time).

  2. 2.

    https://github.com/TelluIoT/ThingML.

  3. 3.

    https://github.com/atlanmod/CyprIoT.

  4. 4.

    CyprIoT Gihub >/language/org.atlanmod.cypriot/src/org/atlanmod/cypriot/Cypriot.xtext.

  5. 5.

    https://www.eclipse.org/atl/.

  6. 6.

    Subject thing: 66 LoC - Object thing: 101 LoC.

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Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the support of Institut Mines-Télécom Atlantique and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), 06351.

Cette recherche a été financée par l’Institut Mines-Télécom Atlantique et le Conseil de recherches en sciences naturelles et en génie du Canada (CRSNG), 06351.

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Correspondence to Imad Berrouyne .

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Berrouyne, I., Adda, M., Mottu, JM., Royer, JC., Tisi, M. (2020). A Model-Driven Approach to Unravel the Interoperability Problem of the Internet of Things. In: Barolli, L., Amato, F., Moscato, F., Enokido, T., Takizawa, M. (eds) Advanced Information Networking and Applications. AINA 2020. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 1151. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-44041-1_100

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