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Reactive Silicones as Multifacetic Materials

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Reactive and Functional Polymers Volume One

Abstract

Silicones are very useful materials that vary in their structure, reactivity and physicochemical properties, although they contain a covalent bond between silicon and the carbon atom of an organic group. Most silicone polymers are artificial because the organo-silicon bond is not found in nature. The study of the silane coupling agent has also revealed that it plays an important role in improving the durability and performance of silicone as softeners, especially the type of linear reaction. The improvements in wrinkle recovery are mainly due to the formation of an elastic silicone polymer network, which traps fibers within its matrix, which improves the fabric’s ability to recover from deformation. The results have indicated several areas of technical application for the modified fabric, such as barrier textiles with permeability control, localized modification of the mechanical properties of the fabric. The enormous opportunities in the design, synthesis and modification of the physical and chemical properties of polymers have made them the fastest growing group of materials, having great importance and possibilities for applications in cosmetology, medicine and pharmacy. In this chapter, we focus on a general description of the silicone polymers used, including polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), with respect to their physicochemical properties and factors affecting their current applications. Finally, the use of silicone polymers as excipients in the technology of various products, e.g. skin adhesive patches and controlled drug delivery systems, are presented. The synthesis of a new class of reactive silicone resins containing vinyl and methacryloxypropyl substituents has also been discussed below. Organo-functional silanes, their chemistry, properties, uses and the main laboratory experiments that may also be of interest to the food and beverage industry.

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Acknowledgments

Authors would like to acknowledge the Government of West Bengal for research facilities provided in both the education institute. Dr. Majumdar is thankful to the Hon’ble Vice Chancellor of the University of Gour Banga for providing research fund.

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The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Sikdar, S., Majumdar, S. (2020). Reactive Silicones as Multifacetic Materials. In: Gutiérrez, T.J. (eds) Reactive and Functional Polymers Volume One . Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-43403-8_10

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