Advertisement

The Durable Management of Chemicals in the Food Industry and Annexed Laboratories

Chapter
  • 264 Downloads
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)

Abstract

At present, the use of chemicals in the food production environment is tacitly assumed when speaking of technological and hedonic advantages. On the other side, industrial foods and beverages are often questioned because of the possible presence of undesired chemicals without relation to the intended food or beverage (pesticides, bisphenol A, etc.). However, the problem of chemical risk assessment does not concern food consumers only, but also food workers in each area of production plants, including chemical and microbiological laboratories carrying on quality controls. This chapter concerns the reliable, safe, and durable management of chemicals in the food production and packaging areas on the one side, and in annexed quality control laboratories, highlighting the following points: toxicological risks; the importance of labeling; technical and material safety data sheets; risk categories (fire, explosion, unpredicted chemical reactions, etc.); safe use of hazardous chemicals, prevention procedures, and emergency planning in laboratories and industrial areas.

Keywords

Chemical risk CLP Regulation European Union Safety data sheet Cancerogen Mutagen Teratogen 

Abbreviations

AISS

Association internationale de la sécurité sociale

AEV

Average exposure value

CO2

Carbon dioxide

CMR

Carcinogenic, mutagenic, reprotoxic

CAS

Chemical Abstracts Service

CLP

Classification, labeling, and packaging of chemical products

CIP

Cleaning-in-place

DCO

Dangerous Chemical Agent

EU

European Union

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

GHS

General Harmonized System

HACCP

Hazard analysis and critical control points

HF

Hydrofluoric acid

H2O2

Hydrogen peroxide

INRS

Institut National de Recherche et de Securitè

IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

LD50

Lethal dose 50

LC50

Mean lethal concentration

OEL

Occupational exposure limit

OHP

Occupational health physician

O2

Oxygen

PBT

Persistent, bioaccumulative, and environmentally toxic

PPE

Personal protective equipment

SDS

Safety data sheet

STEL

Short-term exposure limit

TLV

Threshold limit value

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

vPvB

Very persistent, very bioaccumulable

WHO

World Health Organization

References

  1. AISS (2016) Valeurs limites d’exposition pour la prévention des agents chimiques. Association internationale de la sécurité sociale (AISS), Institut National de Recherche et de Securitè (INRS), Paris. Available http://www.inrs.fr/dms/inrs/CataloguePapier/ED/TI-ED-6254/ed6254.pdf. Accessed 10 Jan 2020
  2. Anand NP (2011) Hospital Sterilization. Jaypee Brothers Publishers, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  3. Anonymous (2012) Chemical and hazardous materials safety. Department of Environmental Health and Safety, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX. Available https://www.utdallas.edu/ehs/download/Chemical_and_Hazardous_Materials_Safety.pdf. Accessed 09 Jan 2020
  4. Brossat C, Thomasset L, Cote D, Certain E (2012) 10 bonnes Pratiques favorisant la santé au travail en contribuant à la performance globale des PME; Expériences conduites en Rhône-Alpes. SP1177—May 2012. Carsat Rhône-Alpes, Direction des Risques Professionnels et de la Santé au Travail, Lyon Cedex. Available https://www.carsat-ra.fr/images/pdf/entreprises/sp1177.pdf. Accessed 10 Jan 2020
  5. Cohrssen JJ, Covello VT (1999) Risk analysis: a guide to principles and methods for analyzing health and environmental risks. United States Council on Environmental Quality, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  6. Council of the European Economic Community (1967) Council Directive 67/548/EEC of 27 June 1967 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances. Off J Eur Comm No 196:1–98Google Scholar
  7. Crowl DA, Louvar JF (2001) Chemical process safety: fundamentals with applications. Prentice Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River, NJGoogle Scholar
  8. European Commission (2013) Chemicals at work—A new labelling system. Guidance to help employers and workers to manage the transition to the new classification, labelling and packaging system. European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion, Unit B3, Brussels. Available https://osha.europa.eu/it/file/49187/. Accessed 08 Jan 2020
  9. European Parliament and Council (2008) Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of sub-stances and mixtures, amending and repealing Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006. Off. J Eur Union L 353:1–1355Google Scholar
  10. ILO (1993) Safety in the use of chemicals at work: An ILO code of practice. International Labour Office, Geneva. Available https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—ed_protect/—protrav/—safework/documents/normativeinstrument/wcms_107823.pdf. Accessed 09 Jan 2020
  11. Kenkel J (1992) Analytical chemistry refresher manual. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  12. Mania I, Barone C, Pellerito A, Laganà P, Parisi S (2017) Trasparenza e Valorizzazione delle Produzioni Alimentari. L’etichettatura e la Tracciabilità di Filiera come Strumenti di Tutela delle Produzioni Alimentari. Ind Aliment 56, 581:18–22Google Scholar
  13. OSHA (2016) Hazard classification guidance for manufacturers, importers, and employers. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, DC. Available https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3844.pdf. Accessed 09 Jan 2020
  14. Parisi S (2012) Food Packaging and food alterations. The user-oriented approach. Smithers Rapra Technology Ltd., ShawburyGoogle Scholar
  15. Parisi S (2013) Food Industry and packaging materials. User-oriented guidelines for users. Smithers Rapra Technology Ltd., ShawburyGoogle Scholar
  16. Parisi S, Barone C, Sharma RK (2016) The RASFF: legal bases, aims and procedures for notifications. In: Chemistry and food safety in the EU. Springer, Heidelberg, Germany.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33393-9_1Google Scholar
  17. Pellerito A, Dounz-Weigt R, Micali M (2019a) Food sharing and the regulatory situation in Europe. An introduction. in: food sharing chemical evaluation of durable foods. Springer, Cham.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-27664-5_1Google Scholar
  18. Pellerito A, Dounz-Weigt R, Micali M (2019b) Food sharing in practice: The German experience in Magdeburg. In: Food sharing chemical evaluation of durable foods. Springer, Cham.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-27664-5_2Google Scholar
  19. Pellerito A, Dounz-Weigt R, Micali M (2019c) Food sharing and durable foods. The analysis of main chemical parameters. In: Food sharing chemical evaluation of durable foods. Springer, Cham.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-27664-5_3Google Scholar
  20. Pellerito A, Dounz-Weigt R, Micali M (2019d) Food waste and correlated impact in the food industry. A simulative approach. In: Food sharing chemical evaluation of durable foods. Springer, Cham.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-27664-5_4Google Scholar
  21. Ross MJ, Godin C (2016) Guide entreposage des produits dangereux dans le secteur manufacturier. Multiprévention, Longueil. Available https://multiprevention.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/guide-multiprevention-entreposage-produits-dangereux.pdf. Accessed 10 Jan 2020
  22. Roy K (2009) Chemical storage. Sci Teacher 76(7):12Google Scholar
  23. SSTI (2013) Guide pratique d’évaluation et de prévention du risque chimique en enterprise. Fédération régionale des services de santé au travail (SSTI) des Pays de la Loire, Lava. Available https://www.risquechimiquepaysdelaloire.org/sites/default/files/guide_pratique_risque_chimique_ssti_pays_de_la_loire_-_edition_2013.pdf. Accessed 10 Jan 2020
  24. Stellman JM (ed) (1998) The ILO encyclopedia of occupational health and safety, 4th edn. International Labour Office, GenèveGoogle Scholar
  25. Stockwell PB (1996) Automatic chemical analysis. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  26. UN (2019) Globally harmonized system of classification and labelling of chemicals (GHS), 8th revised edn. United Nations, New York and Geneva. Available http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/danger/publi/ghs/ghs_rev08/ST-SG-AC10-30-Rev8e.pdf. Accessed 09 Jan 2020
  27. Von Rybinski W (2007) Physical aspects of cleaning processes. In: Johansson I, Somasundaran P (eds) Handbook for cleaning/decontamination of surfaces, vol 1. Elsevier B.V, Amsterdam and Oxford, pp 1–55Google Scholar
  28. Ziem GE, Castleman BI (1989) Threshold limit values: historical perspectives and current practice. J Occup Med 31(11):910–918.  https://doi.org/10.1097/00043764-198911000-00014CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Transport EngineeringUniversity of Constantine 1ConstantineAlgeria
  2. 2.Associazione “Componiamo il Futuro” (CO.I.F.) PalermoPalermoItaly

Personalised recommendations