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BIM-Based Automated Safety Review for Fall Prevention

Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS,volume 1188)


The construction industry is globally known as one of the most hazardous industries. Safety in construction is affected by many factors such as the behavior of workers, site conditions, the design and the implementation of the safety measures. Falls from height and hits by moving or falling objects are the most common types of accidents at construction sites and lead to serious injuries and fatalities. Researchers have been looking for solutions to reduce fall incidents at construction sites. Health and safety (H&S) experts usually follow traditional methods to plan and employ safety measures at sites. These safety planning methods are mainly based on reviewing 2D drawings to identify the risks and associated hazards and have some important deficiencies. First of all, the efficiency of safety planning depends on the experience of H&S experts. More importantly, it is difficult to identify the potential hazards from a 2D drawing while the project is progressing. Building Information Modeling (BIM) can overcome the challenges observed with the traditional safety planning processes. Hazards in a project and the related safety measures should be continuously identified throughout the construction. Since BIM is a 3D model-based process that assists the stakeholders not only to construct and manage but also to plan and design structures; BIM can provide an efficient solution to plan and design the safety measures of a construction project both during the design and construction phases. In addition, the safety review of buildings can be more effectively performed with a 3D building information model. In this study, “Automatic Fall Safety Review (AFSR)” rule checking tool is developed by using Dynamo, the open-source visual programming add-in for Autodesk Revit. This tool analyzes a 3D building model in Revit, and automatically identifies the hazardous places in a building and shows the related safety measures for preventing falls from height in particular. This paper presents the details of the AFSR tool and demonstrates its application for an 8-storey residential building.


  • Falls from height
  • Fall-related hazards
  • Building Information Modeling
  • Visual programming
  • Safety review

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-42852-5_7
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Correspondence to Gursans Guven .

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Tekbas, G., Guven, G. (2020). BIM-Based Automated Safety Review for Fall Prevention. In: Ofluoglu, S., Ozener, O., Isikdag, U. (eds) Advances in Building Information Modeling. EBF 2019. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 1188. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-42851-8

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