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Abstract

Acute pancreatitis is a common gastroenterological condition. In the present chapter, firstly, the epidemiology and the clinical features are described. How to make the correct diagnosis and the importance of the scoring systems are then underlined. Conservative and operative treatments are discussed in terms of efficacy, adherence to guidelines and timing. Endoscopic treatment of complications (e.g., pseudocysts and walled-off necrotic collections) are described as an effective and minimally-invasive treatment approach for these adverse events, and the complimentary means of  surgical intervention and percutaneous drainage are linked to endosocopic approaches.

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Abbreviations

ABP:

Acute biliary pancreatitis

ANC:

Acute necrotic collections

CT:

Computed tomography

ERCP:

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

LAM:

Lumen-apposing metal stents

MRCP:

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography

SIRS:

Systemic inflammatory response syndrome

WON:

Walled-off necrosis

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Tal, A., Albert, J.G. (2020). Acute Pancreatitis. In: Mutignani, M., Albert, J.G., Fabbri, C. (eds) Endotherapy in Biliopancreatic Diseases: ERCP Meets EUS. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-42569-2_47

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