Adato, M., & Meinzen-Dick, R. (2002). Assessing the impact of agricultural research on poverty using the sustainable livelihoods framework. Retrieved November 3, 2017 from https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/.
Baum, T. (2006). Human resource management for tourism, hospitality and leisure: An international perspective. Cengage Learning EMEA.
Baum, T. (2012). Human resource management in tourism: A small island perspective. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research,6(2), 124–132.
Baum, T., Cheung, C., Kong, H., Kralj, A., Mooney, S., Ramachandran, S., Dropulić Ružić, M., & Siow, M.L. (2016). Sustainability and the tourism and hospitality workforce: A thematic analysis. Sustainability, 8(8), 809.
Bialski, P. (2012). Becoming Intimately Mobile. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
Binns, T., & Nel, E. (2002). Tourism as a local development strategy in South Africa. The Geographical Journal,168(3), 235–247.
Blackshaw, T. (2013). Sage key concept series: Key concepts in community studies. Boston: Sage Publications.
Brand South Africa. (2017). No stopping South African tourism. Retrieved August 23, 2017 from https://www.brandsouthafrica.com/.
Briedenhann, J., & Wickens, E. (2004). Tourism routes as a tool for the economic development of rural areas—Vibrant hope or impossible dream? Tourism Management, 25(1), 71–79.
Buckley, R. (2012). Sustainable tourism: Research and reality. Annals of Tourism Research,39(2), 528–546.
Butler, R. W. (1989). Tourism, heritage and sustainable development. In J. Nelson & S. Woodley (Eds.), Heritage Conservation and Sustainable Development Conference (pp. 9–16). Waterloo: Heritage Resources Centre, University of Waterloo.
Chappelet, J. L. (2012). Mega sporting event legacies: a multifaceted concept. Papeles de Europa,25, 76.
Coakley, J., & Souza, D.L. (2013). Sport mega-events: Can legacies and development be equitable and sustainable? Motriz: Revista de Educação Física, 19(3), 580–589.
Cornelissen, S., & Maennig, W. (2010). On the political economy of ‘feel-good’ effects at sport mega-events: Experiences from FIFA Germany 2006 and prospects for South Africa 2010. Alternation,17(2), 96–120.
Cornelissen, S. (2017). The global tourism system: Governance, development and lessons from South Africa. Routledge.
Cruz, Z. (2006). Principles of tourism. Part 1 revised edition. Manilla, Phillipines: Rex Bookstore
Deccio, C., & Baloglu, S. (2002). Nonhost community resident reactions to the 2002 winter Olympics: The spill over impacts. Journal of Travel Research,41(1), 46–56.
DfID (Department for International Development). (1997). The UK white paper on international development and beyond. Retrieved 3 November, 2017 https://www.odi.org/.
DfID (Department for International Development). (2001). Sustainable Livelihoods Guidance Sheets. Retrieved 3 November, 2017 from https://www.eldis.org/.
Dimanche, F. (2003). The role of Sports events in destination marketing. In P. Keller, T. Bieger (Eds.), Sport and tourism (pp. 303–311). Proceedings of the 53rd, AIEST Congress, St Gallen, Switzerland: AIEST.
Farbrother, C. (2010). Non-commercial homestay; an exploration of encounters and experiences of guests visiting the UK. Paper presented at the CHME National Research Conference, 5–7 May, University of Surrey, Horsley Towers, Surrey.
Forsyth, J. (2016). The illusion of inclusion: Agenda 21 and the commodification of Aboriginal culture in the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Games. Public.,27(53), 22–34.
Freeman, R. (1984). Strategic management: A stakeholder approach. Boston: Pitman Publishing.
Friedman, A. L., & Miles, S. (2002). Developing a Stakeholder Theory. Journal of Management and Studies,39(1), 1–21.
Getz, D. (2008). Event tourism: Definition, evolution, and research. Progress in Tourism Management Journal,29, 403–428.
Giulianotti, R., Armstrong, G., Hales, G., & Hobbs, D. (2015). Global sport mega events and the politics of mobility: The case of the London 2012 Olympics. The British Journal of Sociology,66(1), 118–140.
Gold, J.R., & Gold, M.M. (2015). Sustainability, legacy and the 2012 London Games. In R. Holt & D. Ruta (Eds.), Routledge handbook of sport and legacy: Meeting the challenge of major sports events (p. 142). Oxon: Routledge
Gratton, C., & Preuss, H. (2008). Maximizing Olympic impacts by building up legacies. The International Journal of the History of Sport,25, 1922–1938.
Hall, C. M. (2011). Policy learning and policy failure in sustainable tourism governance: From first and second to third order change? Journal of Sustainable Tourism,19(4–5), 649–671.
Hall, C. M. (2012). Sustainable mega-events: Beyond the myth of balanced approaches to mega-event sustainability. Event Management,16(2), 119–131.
Hanley, N. (2000). The concept of sustainable development: An economic perspective. Progress in Environmental Science,2(3), 181–203.
Herstein, R., & Berger, R. (2013). Hosting the Olympics: a city's make-or-break impression. Journal of Business Strategy,34(5), 54–59.
Hill, D. (2016). London Olympics legacy: Jobs, jobs and jobs. Retrieved September 4, 2017 from https://www.theguardian.com/.
Hughes, K.H. (2013). Sport mega-events and a legacy of increased sport participation: An Olympic promise or an Olympic dream? (Doctoral thesis, Leeds Metropolitan University). Retrieved January 20, 2017 from https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/.
Hunter, C. (2012). Aspects of the sustainable tourism debate from a natural resources perspective. Sustainable tourism. A global perspective (pp. 3–23). Edited by Harris, R., Williams, P., & Griffin, T. New York: Routledge.
Jago, L., Dwyer, L., Lipman, G., van Lill, D., & Vorster, S. (2010). Optimising the potential of mega-events: An overview. International Journal of Event and Festival Management,3, 220–237.
Joy, O., 2013, March 27th. Building on 'BRICS': The next emerging economies. Retrieved August 23, 2017 from https://edition.cnn.com/.
Kim, J., Boo, S., & Kim, Y. (2013). Patterns and trends in Event Tourism study topics over 30 years. International Journal of Event and Festival Management,4(1), 66–83.
Konstantaki, M., & Wickens, E. (2010). Residents’ perceptions of environmental and security issues at the 2012 London Olympic games. Journal of Sport and Tourism,15(4), 337–357.
Kumar, J., Garg, A., & Sangaran, G., 2017. Consumer Preferences for Hotel Brand and Brand Sustainability: Luxury Hotels In Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Journal On Tourism and Sustainability,1(1), 15–29. Retrieved November 19, 2017 from https://ontourism.online/index.php/jots/article/view/13.
Kusluvan, S., Kusluvan, Z., Ilhan, I., & Buyruk, L. (2010). The human dimension: A review of human resources management issues in the tourism and hospitality industry. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly,51(2), 171–214.
Lamberti, L., Noci, G., Guo, J., & Zhu, S. (2011). Mega-events as drivers of community participation in developing countries: The case of Shanghai World Expo. Tourism Management, 32(6), 1474–1483.
Lebese, D.S. (2014). The Case of the 2010 FIFA World Cup; Was It Truly an African Event? 25–27 June 2014. In R Nunkoo, B. Seetanah, & Raja, (Eds), 4th Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Marketing and Management Conference (pp. 273–306). Retrieved 20 October 2017, from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Orhan_Akova/publication.
Lucas, R., & Deery, M. (2004). Significant developments and emerging issues in human resource management. International Journal of Hospitality Management,23(5), 459–472.
MacAloon, J. J. (2016). Agenda 2020 and the Olympic movement. Sport in Society,19(6), 767–785.
Mair, J., & Whitford, M. (2013). An exploration of events research: event topics, themes and emerging trends. International Journal of Event and Festival Management,4(1), 6–30.
Malfas, M., Houlihan, B., & Theodoraki, E. (2004). Impacts of the Olympic Games as mega-events. Municipal Engineer,157(3), 209–220.
Manyara, G., & Jones, E. (2007). Community-based tourism enterprises development in Kenya: An exploration of their potential as avenues of poverty reduction. Journal of Sustainable Tourism,15(6), 628–644.
Matheson, V. (2012). Assessing the infrastructure impact of mega-events in emerging economies. Economics Department Working Papers. Paper 8.
McGeehan, M. (2017). World Rugby chairman Bill Beaumont denies humiliation over 2023 Rugby World Cup bid but confirms review. Retrieved November 28, 2017 from https://www.independent.co.uk/.
Megaw, N. (2017). Durban loses right to host the 2022 Commonwealth Games. Retrieved November 28, 2017 from https://www.ft.com/.
Mendez, S.C.S. (2010). MEGA-Event Stadiums as vehicles for urban transformation: an argument for integration. (Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology). Retrieved September 20, 2017 from https://dspace.mit.edu/.
Molloy, E., & Chetty, T. (2015). The Rocky Road to Legacy: Lessons from the 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa Stadium Program. Project Management Journal,46(3), 88–107.
Mowforth, M., & Munt, I. (2015). Tourism and sustainability: Development, globalisation and new tourism in the third world (4th ed.). Oxon: Routledge.
Muller, H. (1994). The thorny path to sustainable tourism development. Journal of Sustainable Tourism,2(3), 131–136.
Ndlovu, S. M. (2010). Sports as cultural diplomacy: the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa’s foreign policy. Soccer and Society [online], 11(1–2), 144–153.
Nickson, D. (2013). Human resource management for hospitality, tourism and events. Routledge.
Nieves, J., & Quintana, A. (2016). Human resource practices and innovation in the hotel industry: The mediating role of human capital. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 1–12.
National Development Plan. (2016). National Development Plan 2030 our future—Make it work. National planning commission (pp. 1–485). Retrieved December 4, 2017 from https://www.brandsouthafrica.com/.
Pigram, J.J., & Wahab, S. (2005). Tourism, development and growth: The challenge of sustainability. Routledge.
Pop, I., Kanovici, A., Ghic, G., & Andrei, M. (2016). The Economic Effects of the Mega Sport Events on Tourism in the BRICS Countries Case. Amfiteatru Economic,18(10), 960.
Prayag, G., Hosany, S., Nunkoo, R., & Alders, T. (2013). London residents' support for the 2012 Olympic Games: The mediating effect of overall attitude. Tourism Management,36, 629–640.
Preuss, H. (2007). The conceptualisation and measurement of mega sport event legacies. Journal of Sport and Tourism,12(3–4), 207–228.
Preuss, H. (2015). A framework for identifying the legacies of a mega sport event. Leisure Studies,34(6), 643–664.
Ritchie, J., & Spencer, L. (1994). Qualitative data analysis for applied research. In A. Bryman & R.G. Burgess (Eds.), Analysing qualitative data (pp. 173–194).
Roche, M. (2000). Mega events and modernity. London: Routledge.
Rogerson, C. M. (2006). Pro-poor local economic development in South Africa: The role of pro-poor tourism. Local Environment,11(1), 37–60.
Rose, A. K., & Spiegel, M. M. (2011). Do mega sporting events promote international trade? SAIS Review of International Affairs,31(1), 77–85.
Saarinen, J., & Rogerson, C. M. (2014). Tourism and the millennium development goals: perspectives beyond 2015. Tourism Geographies,16(1), 23–30.
Saayman, M. (2012). Introduction to Sports Tourism and Event Management. Matieland, South Africa: Sun Press.
Sadd, D.J. (2012). Mega-events, community stakeholders and legacy: London 2012. (Doctoral dissertation, Bournemouth University). Retrieved January 20, 2017 from https://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/.
Sans, A.A., & Quaglieri, A. (2016). Unravelling Airbnb: Urban perspectives from Barcelona. In A. Paolo Russo, A., Richards, G., (Eds). Reinventing the local in tourism: Producing, consuming and negotiating place (pp, 20–228). Buffalo, NY, USA: Channel View Publications.
Sharpley, R. (2000). Tourism and sustainable development, exploring the theoretical divide. Journal of Sustainable Tourism,8(1), 1–19.
Simpson, M. C. (2007). An integrated approach to assess the impacts of tourism on community development and sustainable livelihoods. Community Development Journal,44(2), 186–208.
Taylor, A. (2012). How The Olympic games changed Barcelona forever. Retrieved October 23, 2015 from https://www.businessinsider.com/.
Telfer, D. J., & Sharpley, R. (2015). Tourism and development in the developing world (2nd ed.). Oxon: Routledge.
Thomas, N. (2013). UK tourism hits record 12 months after Olympics. Retrieved September 4, 2017 from https://www.telegraph.co.uk/.
South African Tourism. (2016). Cape Town stadium. Retrieved May 17, 2016 from https://www.southafrica.net/za.
UNESCO. (2010). Teaching and learning for a sustainable future. Retrieved August 22, 2017 from https://www.unesco.org/.
United Nations Division for Sustainable Development. (2015). United Nations sustainable development summit 2015. Retrieved October 31, 2017 from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/.
United Nations. (2017). Sustainable development goals. Retrieved September 4, 2017 from https://www.un.org/.
United Nations Development Program. (1997). Capacity development. Management development and governance division. Technical Advisory Paper 2. New York.
United Nations World Tourism Organisation. (2005). Making tourism more sustainable—A guide for policy makers, UNEP and UNWTO, 11–12. Retrieved 22 August 2017, from https://sdt.unwto.org/.
Van Der Merwe, J. (2007). Political analysis of South Africa’s hosting of the Rugby and Cricket World Cups: Lessons for the 2010 Football World Cup and beyond? Politikon,34(1), 67–81.
Wang, Y., & Pizam, A. (2011). Tourism destination marketing and management. Oxfordshire: CABI.
Wheeler, S. M. (2002). Constructing sustainable development/safeguarding our common future: Rethinking sustainable development. Journal of the American Planning Association,68(1), 110–111.
Wilks, L. (2016). The lived experience of London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic volunteers: A serious leisure perspective. Leisure Studies, 35(5), 652–667.
World Travel and Tourism Council. (2017). Travel and Tourism Global Economic Impact and Issues 2017. Available from: https://www.wttc.org/. Accessed 18th September 2017.
Woyo, E., & Woyo, E. (2017). An assessment of the factors that influences tourist visitation to cultural sites in Northern Zimbabwe. Journal on Tourism and Sustainability,1(1), 71–91. Retrieved November 19, 2017 from https://ontourism.online/index.php/jots/article/view/17.