Neutral Attitude



This chapter investigates the nature of therapeutic relationships, pointing out that most therapies—including Freud’s and Rogers’s therapies—are based on a non-judgmental counseling attitude. I will argue that the sense of liability responsibility (judgments of the client’s blameworthiness) is essentially incompatible with the non-judgmental counseling attitude. Of course, counselors, as ordinary, normal people, can have personal opinions about whether their clients deserve blame/punishment or not. Yet, counselors, as mental health specialists, omit this aspect of responsibility on purpose. Even if they happen to have personal negative opinions about their clients, they forbear to express these opinions for therapeutic reasons.


Non-judgmental Objective attitude Reactive attitudes Neutrality Unconditional positive regard 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychology, PhilosophyUniversity of WarwickCoventryUK

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