Lean Green—The Importance of Integrating Environment into Lean Philosophy—A Case Study

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 122)


This work is supported by a case study based on the action research methodology with the identification and quantification of the economic and environmental impact in the integration of the two concepts (Lean and Green) in a Portuguese company, where the main manufacturing process is the robotized welding process. In the case study, four Lean tools are implemented: Kaizen, Value Stream Map (VSM), Jidoka and Total Productive Maintenance (TPM). The Lean tools application allowed to increase the efficiency of the production system, reducing on average 33% of cycle times, reducing energy consumption by 38% and reducing scrap by 66% which demonstrates that Lean tools application leads companies to environmental and economic gains and contributes to better environmental management, enabling companies to differentiate themselves and increase their profits.


Lean green Waste reduction Manufacturing Increasing productivity Energy consumption reduction Sustainable production Sustainability 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ISEP—School of EngineeringPolytechnic of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.IPVC—School of Business SciencesPolytechnic Institute of Viana Do CasteloValençaPortugal
  3. 3.IPCA—School of DesignPolytechnique Institute of Cavado AveBarcelosPortugal

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