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Ports’s Performance: The Case of East African Ports

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Part of the Palgrave Studies in Maritime Economics book series (PSME)

Abstract

Ports are a key part in the development of international trade and, therefore, in the economic growth of countries. Despite the fact that one-third of African countries are landlocked, shipping remains the main gateway to the world market. In this chapter, we present different indicators of the performance of ports in Eastern Africa that could be produced by Port Authorities of the region in the future. Port performance evaluation research is basically aimed at measuring the efficiency of some of the port services. However, the criteria for evaluating efficiency do not address the performance of all agents that play a role in the port environment, and for this reason, this study includes financial and connectivity indicators of Eastern African ports in order to analyse different components of port performance.

Keywords

  • East Africa
  • Port efficiency
  • Port management
  • Port performance
  • Port connectivity

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Fig. 6.1

(Source Authors’ elaboration from Trujillo et al. 2018b)

Fig. 6.2

(Source Authors’ elaboration from Trujillo et al. 2018a)

Fig. 6.3

(Source Adapted from Trujillo et al. 2018b)

Fig. 6.4

(Source Adapted from Trujillo et al. 2018b)

Fig. 6.5

(Source Authors’ elaboration based on LSBCI data [UNCTAD] and UN trade data [COMTRADE])

Notes

  1. 1.

    See ULPGC (2018) for detailed information on the different efficiency studies on African ports.

  2. 2.

    Trujillo et al. (2013), Carine (2015), Van Dyck (2015), and ULPGC (2018).

  3. 3.

    Outside of Africa, there are other studies that use cranes as a proxy for labor by making reference to the fixed relationship that exists between both (De Neufville and Tsunokawa 1981; Notteboom et al. 2000; Cullinane et al. 2004, 2005a, b; Pérez et al. 2016).

  4. 4.

    See Al-Eraqui et al. (2008), Barros and Peypoch (2012), and Wanke et al. (2017) for other possible variables that affect port efficiency, like those related to cargo, time, occupation of berths, channel and operator.

  5. 5.

    ROE* = ROA + Leverage effect = ROA + ((ROA – DC) x LEV1) and ROA = Margin x Turnover.

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Trujillo, L., Pérez, I., Manrique-de-Lara-Peñate, C. (2020). Ports’s Performance: The Case of East African Ports. In: Olukoju, A., Castillo Hidalgo, D. (eds) African Seaports and Maritime Economics in Historical Perspective. Palgrave Studies in Maritime Economics. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-41399-6_6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-41399-6_6

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