Skip to main content
Book cover

Pulses pp 129–143Cite as

Lentils

Abstract

Lentil is one of the five major pulses produced in the world, and the annual production is around 4.5 million tonnes. It is majorly produced in Canada, the United States, Turkey, Australia, and India. It is an excellent source of protein and contains low fat, which helps to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and obesity. Lentil crops are generally sown in the fall and harvested at the end of a very hot and dry summer at moisture contents around 16–18% and 14–16% for green and red lentils, respectively. Lentils should be stored at 14% or less in order to avoid quality and quantity losses. Normally whole lentils are de-husked and milled using large carborundum emery rollers for de-husking and burr grinders for splitting. In many of the developing countries, lentil is considered as a stable source of protein due to its higher dietary protein and complex carbohydrate content. Traditionally, lentils are used in rotis and soup. In recent times, baked products fortified with pulse flour, extruded products like spaghetti prepared with pinto bean, navy bean, and lentil flour are getting popular among consumers due to their enriched nutritional qualities. Incorporation of lentil flour with cereal-based flours for the production of baked and snack products is also increasing day by day due to consumer’s eagerness toward healthy and tasty snack and baked products.

Keywords

  • Lentil
  • Green lentil
  • Red lentil
  • Brown lentil
  • Nutritional values
  • Safe storage
  • Soup
  • Extruded products
  • Lentil pasta

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-41376-7_8
  • Chapter length: 15 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   169.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-41376-7
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to V. Chelladurai .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Chelladurai, V., Erkinbaev, C. (2020). Lentils. In: Manickavasagan, A., Thirunathan, P. (eds) Pulses. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-41376-7_8

Download citation