Project for an Open Source GIS Tool for Visualization of Flood Risk Analysis After Mining Dam Failures

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11958)


Under DG ECHO funded project with acronym: ALTER there has been initiated an effort to support the Armenian Ministry of Emergency Situations in establishment of public-private partnerships to understand and address flood risks that may occur after mining dam failures. The project focus on three pilot areas where dams and other activities present risks to local communities: Akhtala and Teghut areas of Lori Marz along the Shamlugh river; the Vorotan Cascade and its associated dams in the Syunik region; and the Voghji river basin of Syunik region. In our article data collection, analysis and the results of dam break modelling for the Geghi reservoir and Geghanoush tailing dam located in Voghji river basin are presented. All collected data from hydro-meteorological sources, elevation, geologic, geomorphological and land use data have been processed in a way that Flood Hazard Index (FHI) Map of the studied area has been developed. This information is combined in GIS (Geographic Information System) layers. Those layers are being uploaded in specifically designed open source GIS tool in order to assist the end users on the field or in the operational room to rapidly assess the risks associated with flood occurred in a result of dam break and to better plan and visualize their activities.


Dam break GIS Data collection and analysis Open source software Flood risk maps 



This paper has been supported partially by the Bulgarian National Science Fund project number DN 12/5 called: Efficient Stochastic Methods and Algorithms for Large-Scale Problems and the DG ECHO project called: “Alliance for disaster Risk Reduction in Armenia” with acronym: ALTER and Grand Number: 783214.


  1. 1.
    Georisk, C.J.S.C.: Assessment of the Multi-Component Risk Determined by the Maximum Seismic Impact on the Kapan City (Multi-Hazard City Scenario). Project ARM 10–0000005849, Final Report (2017)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gevorgyan, A., Minasyan, R., Khondkaryan, V., Antonyan, A.: The Prediction of Possible Flooding of the Territory as a Result of the Accident of the Geghi Reservoir Dam (2014)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wahl, T.L.: Dam breach modeling—an overview of analysis methods. In: Joint Federal Interagency Conference on Sedimentation and Hydrologic Modeling, Las Vegas, NV, 27 June–1 July 2010Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Using HEC-RAS for Dam Break Studies. Compiled by Hydrologic Engineering Center of US Army Corps (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Concha Larrauri, P., Lall, U.: Tailings dams failures: updated statistical model for discharge volume and runout. Environments 5, 28 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rico, M., Benito, G., Diez-Herrero, A.: Floods from tailings dam failures. J. Hazard. Mater. 154, 79–87 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Schlaffer, S., Harutyunyan, A.: Working Paper: LCLU Voghji River Basin AUA Acopian Center for the Environment. AUA GIS and Remote Sensing Lab (2018)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Froehlich, D.C.: Embankment dam breach parameters revisited. In: Proceeding of the First International Conference, Water Resources Engineering, Environmental and Water Resources Institute (EWRI), 14–18 August 1995, pp. 887–891. ASCE (1995)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Froehlich, D.C.: Embankment dam breach parameters and their uncertainties. ASCE J. Hydraul. Eng. 134(12), 1708–1721 (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    MacDonald, T., Langridge-Monopolis, J.: Breaching characteristics of dam failures. J. Hydraul. Eng. 110, 567–586 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Von Thun, J.L., Gillette, D.R.: Guidance on breach parameters. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, CO, March 1990 (1990). 17 p. Unpublished internal documentGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Xu, Y., Zhang, L.M.: Breaching Parameters for Earth and Rockfill Dams. ASCE J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng. 135(12), 1957–1970 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Information and Communication TechnologiesBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.Center for National Security and Defence ResearchBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  3. 3.AUA Center for Responsible MiningAmerican University of ArmeniaYerevanArmenia
  4. 4.Institute of Geological Sciences of National Academy of SciencesYerevanArmenia

Personalised recommendations