Gustavus Adolphus, Circulation, and Liberty as a Heroic Virtue

Part of the Early Modern Literature in History book series (EMLH)


Shortly after the death of Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden and Protestant hero of the Thirty Years’ War, an anonymous poet in England noted the multilingual character of the accounts of his heroic campaign


  1. Adamson, J. S. A. “Chivalry and Political Culture in Caroline England.” In Culture and Politics in Early Stuart England, edited by Kevin Sharpe and Peter Lake, 161–197. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1993.Google Scholar
  2. Aurnhammer, Achim. “Der intermediale Held: Heroisierungsstrategien in den Epicedien auf König Gustav II. Adolf von Paul Fleming, Johann Rist und Georg Rodolf Weckherlin.” In Heroen und Heroisierungen in der Renaissance, edited by Achim Aurnhammer and Manfred Pfister, 303–332. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag in Kommission, 2013.Google Scholar
  3. Axt-Piscalar, Christine, and Mareile Lasogga, eds. Dimensionen Christlicher Freiheit: Beiträge zur Gegenwartsbedeutung der Theologie Luthers. Leipzig: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, 2015.Google Scholar
  4. Barbour, Reid. Literature and Religious Culture in Seventeenth Century England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Beatus, Georg. Oratio, oder Unvergreifflicher Discurß an den … Herren Gustavum Adolphum. Frankfurt, 1632. Google Scholar
  6. Blaine, Martin. “Gustavus Adolphus, ‘True Englishmen,’ and the Politics of Caroline Poetry.” Modern Language Quarterly 59 (1998): 279–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boys, Jayne E. E. The London News Press and the Thirty Years’ War. Rochester, NY: The Boydell Press, 2011.Google Scholar
  8. Britland, Karen. Drama at the Courts of Queen Henrietta Maria. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.Google Scholar
  9. Burke, Peter. “The Cultures of Translation in Early Modern Europe.” In Cultural Translation in Early Modern Europe, edited by Peter Burke and R. Po-chia Hsia, 7–38. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Burlinson, Christopher, and Andrew Zurcher. Introduction to A Supplement of the Faerie Queene, edited by Christopher Burlinson and Andrew Zurcher. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
  11. Carew, Thomas. “In Answer of an Elegiacall Letter upon the Death of the King of Sweden from Aurelian Townsend, Inviting me to Write on that Subject.” In The Poems of Thomas Carew with his Masque Coelum Britannicum, edited by Rhodes Dunlap. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
  12. Carew, Thomas. “To the Queene.” In The Poems of Thomas Carew with his Masque Coelum Britannicum, edited by Rhodes Dunlap. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
  13. Champion, Justin. “Mosaica Republica: Harrington, Toland, and Moses.” In Perspectives on English Revolutionary Republicanism, edited by Mahlberg and Wiemann, 165–182. Farnham: Ashgate, 2014.Google Scholar
  14. Chernaik, Warren. “Aeropagitica: The Known Rules of Ancient Liberty.” The European Legacy 17 (2012): 317–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Chernaik, Warren. “Biblical Republicanism.” Prose Studies 23.1 (2000): 147–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Chovanec, Kevin. “The Borders of Faeryland: Transnational Readings of Spenser’s Faery in Stuart England.” Spenser Studies 31 (2018): 71–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ein Christliches Klag-Lied. 1633.Google Scholar
  18. Coffey, John. “Quentin Skinner and the religious dimension of early modern political thought.” In Seeing Things Their Way: Intellectual History and the Return of Religion, edited by Alister Chapman, John Coffey and Brad S. Gregory, 46–74. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2009.Google Scholar
  19. Collinson, Patrick. “The Monarchical Republic of Queen Elizabeth I.” Bulletin of the John Ryalnds Library 69 (1987): 394–424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Davis, J. C. “The Prose Romance of the 1650s as a Context for Oceana.” In Perspectives on English Revolutionary Republicanism, edited by Mahlberg and Wiemann, 66–83. Farnham: Ashgate, 2014.Google Scholar
  21. Doerksen, Daniel W. Picturing Religious Experience: George Herbert, Calvin, and the Scriptures. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2011.Google Scholar
  22. Der Evangelischen Kirchen Hertzliche und Schmertzliche WehKlage. 1632.Google Scholar
  23. Fleming, Paul. D. Flemings Teütsche Poemata. Lübeck, 1642.Google Scholar
  24. Gloner, Samuel. Klaglied über den Hochbetrawrten jedoch Glorwürdigsten und seeligsten Todt. 1632.Google Scholar
  25. Gomersall, Robert. “An Elegy upon the untimely, yet Heroicall death of Gustavus Adolphus the Victorious King of Sweden, & c.” In Poems. London, 1633.Google Scholar
  26. Gustavus Triumphans. Typus Aurei Numismatis Sigerodiani. Amsterdam, 1632.Google Scholar
  27. Hadfield, Andrew. Shakespeare and Republicanism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hulsius, Bartholomew. Den Onderganck des Roomschen Arents, Door Den Noordschen Leeuw. Amsterdam, 1642.Google Scholar
  29. Kahn, Victoria. “Reinventing Romance, or the Surprising Effects of Sympathy.” Renaissance Quarterly 55 (2002): 625–661.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kessel, Nicephor. Gustaviana Recordatio Admiranda. Regensburg: Christoff Fischer, 1633.Google Scholar
  31. Killeen, Kevin. “The Political Bible in Early Modern England.” Journal of the History of Ideas 72.4 (2011): 549–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Knevet, Ralph. A Supplement of the Faery Queene, edited by Christopher Burlinson and Andrew Zurcher. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
  33. Knoppers, Laura Lunger. Politicizing Domesticity from Henrietta Maria to Milton’s Eve. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.Google Scholar
  34. Lake, Peter. “The ‘Political Thought’ of the ‘Monarchical Republic of Elizabeth I,’ Discovered and Anatomized.” Journal of British Studies 54 (2015): 257–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Louthan, Howard. The Quest for Compromise: Peacemakers in counter-Reformation Vienna. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Loxley, James. Royalism and Poetry in the English Civil Wars: The Drawn Sword. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lungwitius, Mattaeus. Josua Redivivus. Leipzig: Grosse, 1632.Google Scholar
  38. Mahlberg, Gaby. Henry Neville and English Republican Culture in the Seventeenth Century: Dreaming of Another Game. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009.Google Scholar
  39. Mahlberg, Gaby. “Political Biblicism and the coming of Civil War.” History of European Ideas 38 (2012): 307–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Mahlberg, Gaby, and Dirk Wiemann, eds. European Contexts for English Republicanism. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2013.Google Scholar
  41. McDiarmid, John F., ed. The Monarchical Republic of Early Modern England: Essays in Response to Patrick Collinson. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2007.Google Scholar
  42. McKenzie, D. F. “Printing and Publishing, 1557–1700: Constraints on the London Book Trades.” In The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, edited by John Barnard and D. F. McKenzie, 553–567. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. McKeown, Simon. “The Reception of Gustavus Adolphus in English Literary Culture: The Case of George Tooke.” Renaissance Studies 23 (2009): 200–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. McKeown, Simon. “A Reformed and Godly Leader: Bartholomaeus Hulsius’s Typological Emblems in Praise of Gustavus Adolphus.” Reformation 5 (2000): 55–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. McRae, Andrew. Literature, Satire, and the Early Stuart State. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Milch, Werner. Gustav Adolf in der Deutschen und Swedischen Literatur. New York: G. Olms, 1977.Google Scholar
  47. Morrill, John S. The Nature of the English Revolution. London: Routledge, 1993.Google Scholar
  48. Moyn, Samuel, and Andrew Sartori. “Approaches to Global Intellectual History.” In Global Intellectual History, edited by Samuel Moyn and Andrew Sartori, 3–30. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Nelson, Eric. The Hebrew Republic: Jewish Sources and the Transformation of European Political Thought. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Een nieuwen gheordonneerden Sweed-dranck. 1632.Google Scholar
  51. Norbrook, David. Writing the English Republic: Poetry, Rhetoric and Politics, 1627–1660. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  52. Oldisworth, Nicholas. “To the Wits of Oxford, Cambridge, and London.” In Nicholas Oldisworth’s Manuscript, edited by John Gouws. Tempe, AZ: ACMRS, 2009.Google Scholar
  53. Paas, John Roger. “The Changing Image of Gustavus Adolphus on German Broadsheets, 1630–1633.” The Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 59 (1996): 205–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Paliet, Edward. War, Liberty, and Caesar: Responses to Lucan’s Bellum Civile, ca 1580–1650. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Peltonen, Markku. Classical Humanism and Republicanism in English Political Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.Google Scholar
  56. Pocock, John. The Machiavellian Moment: Florentine Political Thought and the Atlantic Republican Tradition. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1975.Google Scholar
  57. Potter, Louis. “The Royal Martyr in the Restoration: National Grief and National Sin.” In The Royal Image: Representations of Charles I, edited by Thomas N. Corns, 240–262. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  58. Ravelhofer, Barbara. “Censorship and Poetry at the Court of Charles I: The Case of Georg Rodolf Weckherlin.” English Literary Renaissance 43 (2013): 268–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Riley, T. “To my Friend Master Russell, upon this Ensuing Poem on the King of Swedens Battles.” In Two Famous Pitcht Battels. Cambridge, 1634.Google Scholar
  60. Rist, Johann. “Gustav Adolfs Tod bei Lützen.” In Dichtung von Johann Rist, edited by Karl Goedeke, Edmund Goetze and Julius Tittmann, 149–154. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus, 1885.Google Scholar
  61. Robertson, Randy. Censorship and Conflict in Seventeenth-Century England: The Subtle Art of Division. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2009.Google Scholar
  62. Russell, John. The Two Famous Pitcht Battels of Lypsich and Lutzen. Cambridge, 1634.Google Scholar
  63. Schmidt, Alexander. Vaterlandsliebe und Religionskonflikt: Politische Diskurse im Alten Reich (1555–1648). Leiden: Brill, 2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Schmidt, Georg. “‘Absolutes Dominat’ oder ‘Deutsche Freiheit’: Der Kampf um die Reichsverfassung zwischen Prager und Westfälischem Frieden.” In Widerstandsrecht in der Frühen Neuzeit, edited by Robert von Friedeburg, 272–278. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2001.Google Scholar
  65. Schmidt, Georg. “‘Teutsche Libertät’ oder ‘Hispanische Servitut’: Deutungsstrategien im Kampf um den evangelischen Glauben und die Reichsverfassung (1546–1552).” In Das Interim 1548/50. Herrschaftskrise und Glaubenskonflikt, edited by Luise Schorn-Schütte, 166–191. Gütersloh, 2005.Google Scholar
  66. Scott, Jonathan. “Classical Republicanism in Seventeenth-century England and the Netherlands.” In Republicanism and Constitutionalism: A Shared European Heritage, edited by Martin van Gelderen and Quentin Skinner, 61–84. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Scott, Jonathan. Commonwealth Principles: Republican Writing of the English Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Sharpe, Kevin. “Cavalier Critic? The Ethics and Politics of Thomas Carew’s Poetry.” In Politics of Discourse: The Literature and History of Seventeenth-Century England, edited by Kevin Sharp and Steven Zwicker, 117–146. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.Google Scholar
  69. Sharpe, Kevin. Censorship and Cultural Sensibility: The Regulation of Language in Tudor-Stuart England. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.Google Scholar
  70. Sidney, Philip. An Apology for Poetry, or, the Defence of Poesy, edited by Geoffrey Shepherd. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 1965.Google Scholar
  71. Sierhuis, Freya. The Literature of Arminian Controversy: Religion, Politics, and the Stage in the Dutch Republic. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Skinner, Quentin. The Foundations of Modern Political Thought, Volume 2: The Age of Reformation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  73. Smits-Veldt, Mieke B., and Marijke Spies. “Vondel’s Life.” In Joost van den Vondel (1587–1679): Dutch Playwright in the Golden Age, edited by Jan Bloemendal and Frans-Willem Korsten, 51–83. Leiden: Brill, 2012.Google Scholar
  74. Somos, Mark. “Irenic Secularization and the Hebrew Republic in Harrington’s Oceana.” In European Contexts for English Republicanism, edited by Gaby Mahlberg and Dirk Wieman, 81–103. London: Ashgate, 2013.Google Scholar
  75. Spies, Marijke, and Evert Wiskerke. “Niederländische Dichter über den Dreißigjährigen Krieg.” In 1648: Krieg und Frieden in Europa, edited by Klauss Bussmann and Heinz Schilling, 399–408. Münster: Veranstaltungsgessellschaft 350 Jahre Westfällischer Friede, 1998.
  76. Spies, Marijke. “‘Vrijheid, vrijheid’: Poëzie als Propaganda, 1565–1665.” In Vrijheid: Een geschiedenis van de viftiende to de twintigste eeuw, edited by E. O. G. Haisma Mulier and W. R. E. Velema, 71–98. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  77. Tschopp, Silvia Serena. Heilsgeschichtliche Deutungsmuster in der Publizistik des Dreiβigjährigen Krieges. Pro-und Antischwedische Propaganda in Deutschland 1628 bis 1635. Frankfurt-am-Main: Peter Lang, 1991.Google Scholar
  78. Tülsner, Adam. Hundertfacher Gut Scwedischer Siegs- und Ehren-Schild. Leipzig, 1632.
  79. Van den Vondel, Joost. “Brief Aen den Drost van Muyden, spellende De herstellinge der Duytsche Vryheyd.” In Den werken van Vondel, Deel 3. Amsterdam, 1929.Google Scholar
  80. Van den Vondel, Joost. “Lijck-offer van Maeghdeburg.” In Den Werken van Vondel, Deel 3. Amsterdam, 1929.Google Scholar
  81. Van Gelderen, Martin. The Political Thought of the Dutch Revolt 1555–1590. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.Google Scholar
  82. Van Gelderen, Martin, and Quentin Skinner. “Introduction.” In Republicanism and Constitutionalism in Early Modern Europe: A Shared European Heritage, edited by Van Gelderen and Skinner, 1–6. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
  83. Velema, Wyger R. E. “‘That a Republic is Better than a Monarchy’: Anti-monarchism in Early Modern Dutch Political Thought.” In Republicanism and Constitutionalism: A Shared European Heritage, edited by Martin van Gelderen and Quentin Skinner, 9–28. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
  84. Von Friedeburg, Robert. “Civic Humanism and Republican Citizenship in Early Modern Germany.” In Republicanism and Constitutionalism in Early Modern Europe: A Shared European Heritage, edited by Martin Van Gelderen and Quentin Skinner, 127–146. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
  85. Walls, Kathryn. God’s Only Daughter: Spenser’s Una as the Invisible Church. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Watts, William, ed. The Swedish Intelligencer. London, 1633.Google Scholar
  87. Whaley, Joachim. Germany and the Holy Roman Empire. Volume 1, Maximilian I to the peace of Westphalia, 1490–1648. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.Google Scholar
  88. Wiemann, Dirk, and Gaby Mahlberg. “Introduction: Perspectives on English Revolutionary Republicanism.” In Perspectives on English Revolutionary Republicanism, edited by Mahlberg and Wiemann, 1–12. Farnham: Ashgate, 2014.Google Scholar
  89. Withington, Phil. The Politics of Commonwealth: Citizens and Freemen in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Zschoch, Helmut. “Martin Luther und die Kirche der Freiheit.” In Martin Luther und die Freiheit, edited by Werner Zager, 25–39. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2010.Google Scholar
  91. Zurcher, Andrew. “Deficiency and Supplement: Perfecting the Prosthetic Text.” SEL 52.1 (2012): 143–164.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Christian Brothers UniversityMemphisUSA

Personalised recommendations