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Analysis and Modeling of the Process of Metal Separation from the Aqueous Phase in a Pseudo-emulsion Based Hollow Fiber Strip Dispersion

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Abstract

Novelty extractants from the group of pyridine derivatives: N-(2-ethylhexyloxy)pyridine-3-cabroxyimidoamide and N-decyloxy-1-pyridin-3-yl)ethaneimine as the carriers in the palladium(II) ions extraction from chloride media through pseudo-emulsion based Hollow Fiber membrane strip dispersion (PEHFSD) were presented. The recovery of Pd(II) was around 99% for conditions tested. Moreover usefulness of quantum molecular modeling and engineering calculations in description palladium(II) ions separation process was showed. Quantum molecular modeling results indicated that there is no intermolecular bond between molecules of extractant, thus extractant association do not occur in this system. It is very important because the association phenomena change the optimum strength of the extractant needed to obtain a maximal metal transfer. The application of mass balance equations allow to estimate overall mass transfer coefficient and in consequence describe the kinetics of metal permeation in PEHFSD system. The transport of palladium(II) was investigated as a function of extractant concentrations. The overall mass transfer coefficient of permeation was calculated from the experimental data, the values being found in the range of 5.0·10−6 to 0.14·10−6 m/s.

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-39867-5_46
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Acknowledgements

This work is co-financed by the Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange (Grant No PPN/BIL/2018/1/00200) “Novel carriers at HF system for selective recovery of precious metal ions from waste sources” and by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (Grants No. 03/32/SBAD/0910).

PEHFSD studies were realized in the frame of Polish-Portuguese scientific and technological cooperation for the years 2019–2020. “Novel carriers at HF system for selective recovery of precious metal ions from waste sources”. Financial support through the project UID/ECI/04028/2019 from the “Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia” (FCT, Portugal) is also acknowledged.

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Correspondence to Katarzyna Staszak .

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Staszak, K., Wieszczycka, K., Staszak, M., Reis, M.T.A., Ismael, M.R.C. (2020). Analysis and Modeling of the Process of Metal Separation from the Aqueous Phase in a Pseudo-emulsion Based Hollow Fiber Strip Dispersion. In: Ochowiak, M., Woziwodzki, S., Mitkowski, P., Doligalski, M. (eds) Practical Aspects of Chemical Engineering. PAIC 2019. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-39867-5_46

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