Model of Effective Civil-Military Collaboration in Natural Disaster Risk Management
- 214 Downloads
The concept of effective and proactive natural disaster risk management represents a highly complex phenomenon researched in different scientific disciplines. While the nature of the events that trigger risk scenario and resources that need to be protected are quite clearly defined, there is no such similar compliance level regarding the response. In most countries, civil (emergency response units) and military (modelled forces) structures represent the basis for effective natural disasters risk management. Full-scale collaboration and prompt corrective action during mitigation phase are prerequisites for successful task completion, which poses the necessity of effective civil—military collaboration model development. In this paper, the different approaches aimed to effective disaster collaboration are analysed. Also, the side aim of this chapter is stewarded to in-depth, objective analysis of current state in Republic of Serbia within the field.
KeywordsNatural disaster Management Civil structures Military structures Collaboration model
The presented research is a part of the projects “Development of new information and communication technologies, based on advances mathematical methods, with applications in medicine, telecommunications, power systems, protection of natural heritage and education” (III 44006) and “Research and development of energy efficient and environment friendly polygeneration systems based on renewable energy sources utilization” (III 42006), under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, as well as project of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Branch in Niš “Integral approach to storm water management in urban catchment areas in the South-East Serbia region”, No: O-15-18.
- Ahmed, I. (2008). Disaster risk management framework. In Proceedings of the International Training Workshop on Disaster Risk and Environmental Management, Melaka, Malaysia.Google Scholar
- Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE Directive).Google Scholar
- Janackovic, G. (2015). Models for integrated safety system management based on collaborative work. Doctoral dissertation, University of Nis, Faculty of Occupational Safety in Nis, Nis, Serbia.Google Scholar
- Janackovic, G., Vasovic, D., Malenovic-Nikolic, J., Musicki, S., & Vranjanac, Z. (2018). Vulnerability assessment of municipality areas to natural disasters based on group fuzzy analytic hierarchy process. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 19(4), 1526–1535.Google Scholar
- Khan, H., Vasilescu, L. G., & Khan, A. (2008). Disaster management cycle—A theoretical approach. Journal of Management and Marketing, 6(1), 43–50.Google Scholar
- Law on Defence, Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia (2009), Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, p. 88.Google Scholar
- Law on Environmental Protection. (2018). Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, p. 95.Google Scholar
- Malenovic Nikolic, J., Vasovic, D., Filipovic, I., Musicki, S., & Ristovic, I. (2016). Application of project management process on environmental management system improvement in mining-energy complexes. Energies, 9(12).Google Scholar
- Moore, T. (2008). Disaster and emergency management systems. British standards institution.Google Scholar
- Musicki, S. (2016). Integrative model of resource protection improvement in Ministry of Defense and Serbian Armed Forces. Doctoral dissertation, University of Defense, Military Academy, Belgrade, Serbia.Google Scholar
- National Defence Strategy. (2009). Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, p. 88.Google Scholar
- National Emergency Management and Rescue Strategy. (2011). Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, p. 86.Google Scholar
- National Security Strategy. (2009). Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, p. 88.Google Scholar
- Nikolic, V., & Vasovic, D. (2015). Tailor made Education: Environmental vs. energy security and sustainable development paradigm. In D. Caleta, V. Radovic (Eds.), Comprehensive Approach as “Sine Qua Non for Critical Infrastructure Protection & Managing Terrorism Threats to Critical Infrastructure Challenges for South Eastern Europe”. . IOS Press, Amsterdam, Berlin, Tokyo, Washington; NATO SPS Series D: Information and Communication Security.Google Scholar
- Nikolic, V., & Zivkovic, N. (2010). Occupational and environmental safety, emergencies and education. (Serbia: University of Niš, Faculty of Occupational Safety in Niš).Google Scholar
- Sanjay, J., & McLean, C. A. (2003). Framework for modeling and simulation for emergency response. In Proceeding of the Simulation Conference, pp. 1068–1076.Google Scholar
- The Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction. https://www.preventionweb.net/sendai-framework/globalplatform. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015. United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction.Google Scholar
- The Law on Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Management. (2018). Republic of Serbia, Official Gazette of Republic of Serbia, p. 87.Google Scholar
- The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction.Google Scholar
- Ulrich Boes, U. L. (2008). Disaster information, innovative disaster information services. Sofia, Bulgaria.Google Scholar
- Vasovic, D. (2016). Hybrid model of environmental capacity management. Doctoral dissertation, University of Nis, Faculty of Occupational Safety in Nis, Nis, Serbia.Google Scholar
- Vasovic, D., Janackovic, G., Malenovic Nikolic, J., Milosevic, L., & Musicki, S. (2018a). Promoting reflective practice in resource protection area: A step to forecast outcomes in uncertainty. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 19(3), 1320–1329.Google Scholar
- Vasovic, D., Janackovic, G., Malenovic Nikolic, J., Musicki, S., & Markovic, S. (2018b). Multimodality in the field of resource protection. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 19(4), 1519–1525.Google Scholar
- Vasovic, D., Malenovic Nikolic, J., & Janackovic, G. (2016). Evaluation and assessment model for environmental management under the Seveso III, IPPC/IED and Water framework directive. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 17(1), 356–365.Google Scholar
- Warfield, C. (2008). The disaster management cycle. http://www.gdrc.org/uem/disasters/1-dm_cycle.html. Retrieved May 30, 2019.