Polyethylene Terephthalate

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)


Polyethylene terephthalate is the most widely used packaging material worldwide for bottled water and other non-alcoholic refreshment beverages. However, in recent years, concerns are rising about the safety of polyethylene terephthalate food packaging due to the possible migration of chemical compounds from polyethylene terephthalate bottles into the water contained in it which may pose health risk to consumers. In Europe, the EU Regulation No 10/2011 on food packaging materials establishes a positive list of the compounds authorised for use in plastic materials intended to come into contact with food and provides migration limits for several molecules. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration regulates food contact substances, materials and articles. All existing regulations are published in the United States Code of Federal Regulation.


Food contact material Monoethylene glycol Non-intentionally added substance Overall migration limit Polyethylene terephthalate Specific migration limit Terephthalic acid 







Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate




Butylated hydroxytoluene


Code of Federal Regulations


Declaration of Compliance


Dibutyl phthalate


Diethyl phthalate


Diisobutyl phthalate


Dimethyl phthalate


Dimethyl terephthalate


Environmental Assessment


Environmental Impact Statement


Environmental Protection Agency


Ethylene glycol


European Food Safety Authority


European Union


Finding of No Significant Impact


Food and Drug Administration


Food Contact Material


Food Contact Substance


International Bottled Water Association


Isophthalic acid


Melt to Resin


Monoethylene glycol


Non-Intentionally Added Substance


Overall Migration Limit


Phthalic acid




Polyethylene terephthalate


Polyvinyl chloride


Purified isophthalic acid


Solid-state polymerisation


Specific migration limit


Terephthalic acid


Transition temperature




United States of America


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical, Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies “G.F. Ingrassia”University of CataniaCataniaItaly
  2. 2.Police HeadquartersGeneral Prevention & Public Aid OfficeCataniaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional ImagingUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly

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