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Polyethylene Terephthalate

Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)

Abstract

Polyethylene terephthalate is the most widely used packaging material worldwide for bottled water and other non-alcoholic refreshment beverages. However, in recent years, concerns are rising about the safety of polyethylene terephthalate food packaging due to the possible migration of chemical compounds from polyethylene terephthalate bottles into the water contained in it which may pose health risk to consumers. In Europe, the EU Regulation No 10/2011 on food packaging materials establishes a positive list of the compounds authorised for use in plastic materials intended to come into contact with food and provides migration limits for several molecules. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration regulates food contact substances, materials and articles. All existing regulations are published in the United States Code of Federal Regulation.

Keywords

Food contact material Monoethylene glycol Non-intentionally added substance Overall migration limit Polyethylene terephthalate Specific migration limit Terephthalic acid 

Abbreviations

MXD-6

1,3-benzenedimethanamine

CHDM

1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol

DEHP

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

BHET

Bis-hydroxyethyl-terephthalate

BHT

Butylated hydroxytoluene

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

DoC

Declaration of Compliance

DBP

Dibutyl phthalate

DEP

Diethyl phthalate

DiisoBP

Diisobutyl phthalate

DMP

Dimethyl phthalate

DMT

Dimethyl terephthalate

EA

Environmental Assessment

EIS

Environmental Impact Statement

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

EG

Ethylene glycol

EFSA

European Food Safety Authority

EU

European Union

FONSI

Finding of No Significant Impact

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FCM

Food Contact Material

FCS

Food Contact Substance

IBWA

International Bottled Water Association

IPA

Isophthalic acid

MTR

Melt to Resin

MEG

Monoethylene glycol

NIAS

Non-Intentionally Added Substance

OML

Overall Migration Limit

PhA

Phthalic acid

PA

Polyamide

PET

Polyethylene terephthalate

PVC

Polyvinyl chloride

PIA

Purified isophthalic acid

SSP

Solid-state polymerisation

SML

Specific migration limit

TPA

Terephthalic acid

Tg

Transition temperature

UV

Ultraviolet

U.S.

United States of America

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical, Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies “G.F. Ingrassia”University of CataniaCataniaItaly
  2. 2.Police HeadquartersGeneral Prevention & Public Aid OfficeCataniaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional ImagingUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly

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