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Water and Health

  • Maria Anna ConiglioEmail author
  • Cristian Fioriglio
  • Pasqualina Laganà
Chapter
  • 23 Downloads
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)

Abstract

Water is essential for all functions of the body: metabolism, substrate transport across membranes, cellular homeostasis, temperature regulation and circulatory function. A water intake which balances losses and which assures adequate hydration of body tissues is essential for health. Water is consumed from different sources, which include water produced by oxidative processes in the body, drinking water, beverages and foods. Drinking water and beverages represent 70–80% of total fluid intake, while water coming from food represents about 20–30% of the total intake. Today, neither upper nor lower water consumption limits have been clearly linked to a specific benefit or risk, and most of the guidelines for total water intake are based on median population intake.

Keywords

Dehydration Drinking water Extracellular water Fat-free mass Hypohydration Intracellular water Water intake 

Abbreviations

AI

Adequate Intake

CO2

Carbon dioxide

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

EFSA

European Food Safety Authority

EU

European Union

IOM

Institute of Medicine

TWI

Total Water Intake

U.S.

United States of America

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Anna Coniglio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cristian Fioriglio
    • 2
  • Pasqualina Laganà
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Medical, Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies “G.F. Ingrassia”University of CataniaCataniaItaly
  2. 2.Police HeadquartersGeneral Prevention & Public Aid OfficeCataniaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional ImagingUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly

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