Skip to main content

Research on Wear of Locomotive Wheel Considering Traction

  • 57 Accesses

Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


With the development of heavy-load locomotives, the wheel wear increases remarkable due to the excessive dynamic force in wheel and rail. For locomotives, the wheel-axle traction is relative large and has significant effect on the rail wheel creepages, which have a direct influence on wheel rail wear. To research the influence on wheel rail wear by traction, a model has been built to calculate the wear of an electric locomotive when running at a constant speed and starting condition, which considers the transmission system based on Archard wear model. The wheel wear is calculated according to a certain actual line, and compared with the measured data, in order to research the abnormal wear on wheel flange during the condition of normal operation by the calculation model of tread wear of the locomotive. The results show that when the locomotive runs at a constant speed of 260 thousand km, the traction increase by 80 kN on the basis of 40 kN and 120 kN, the account of wear increase by 0.74 mm and 1.74 mm respectively; and with the comparison to the measured data, the calculated results are in good agreement with the experimental results, the accuracy of the model has been proved; reducing the lateral displacement of the intermediate wheelset and the side lubrication of rail can greatly reduce tread wear, when the lateral displacement of the intermediate wheelset is changed from 15 mm to 10 mm, its cumulative wear reduce by 15.4%; and the maximum cumulative wear of first, second, and third wheelsets are decreased by 13.40%, 21.32% and 6.46% after side lubrication of rail respectively.


  • Traction
  • Creepages
  • Transmission system
  • Prediction of tread wear
  • Abnormal wear on wheel flange

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38077-9_97
  • Chapter length: 9 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
USD   469.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-38077-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   599.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   599.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 10.


  1. Ding, J.J., Sun, S.L., LI, F., et al.: Simulation of wheel wear for heavy haul freight car. J. Traffic Transp. Eng. 11(4), 56–60 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Yang, Y., Li, F., Zhang, M., et al.: Numerical simulation of groove track wear evolution. J. Railw. Sci. Eng. 13(8), 1607–1612 (2016)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Zobory, I.Z.: Prediction of wheel/rail profile wear. Veh. Syst. Dyn. 28(2), 221–259 (1997)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. Jendel, T.: Prediction of wheel profile wear-comparisons with field measurements. Wear 253(1), 89–99 (2002)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  5. Liu, B., Mei, T.X., Bruni, S.: Design and optimisation of wheel–rail profiles for adhesion improvement. Veh. Syst. Dyn. 54(3), 429–444 (2016)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  6. Kalker, J.J.: Numerical calculation of the elastic field in a half-space. Commun. Appl. Numer. Methods 2(4), 401–410 (1986)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  7. Xu, J., Xu, H., Jiang, N.: Discussion on HXD3 locomotive wheel flange abnormal wear issues. Shanghai Railw. Sci. Technol. 2013(2), 65–67 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  8. Zheng, J.: HXD3C locomotive in Ying-xia line of small radius curve wheel flange wear cause analysis. Electr. Drive Locomot. 2013(3), 94–96 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  9. Liu, H., Wang, W., Li, H., et al.: Analysis of abnormal wear of wheel flanges for Qingzang passenger cars. Rolling Stock 46(5), 1–6 (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  10. Shen, Z.Y., Hedrick, J.K.: The influence of rail lubrication on freight car wheel/rail wear rates. Veh. Syst. Dyn. 15(S1), 523–536 (1986)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yang Yang .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Yang, Y., Zhang, M., Wang, K., Li, Y. (2020). Research on Wear of Locomotive Wheel Considering Traction. In: Klomp, M., Bruzelius, F., Nielsen, J., Hillemyr, A. (eds) Advances in Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks. IAVSD 2019. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-38076-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-38077-9

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)