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Dynamics, Control and Stability of Motion of Electric Scooters

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Advances in Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks (IAVSD 2019)

Abstract

Recently we are witnessing a boom in electric single-passenger vehicles for urban micro-mobility, and more and more companies are joining this business. However, this type of means of transport is not subject to regulations in many countries, what generates uncertainty and lack of protection of citizens, both users of these vehicles and possible third parties who might be involved in an accident. This type of single-person vehicles are usually based on the use of small diameter wheels as a rolling element. The modeling and computational analysis of its dynamic characteristics, as well as the study of its stability and, therefore, of the physical parameters that decisively influence it, are the object of this project. In particular, an scooter benchmark is presented.

Single-track vehicles like bicycles and motorbikes are important subjects of research in vehicle dynamics. Therefore, the theoretical results for bicycles will be used for escooters, too. However, the parameters of bicycles and escooters are very different: The bicyclists are sitting on their vehicles while the scooters are standing. Moreover, the bicycles have big wheels with tires generating gyroscopic forces and escooters have only small often rigid wheels. The knowledge of how the main parameters of the model affect its stability and maneuverability will allow design modifications that may lead to safer vehicles and will result in the reduction of accidents in urban mobility through these vehicles.

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Correspondence to Daniel García-Vallejo or Werner Schiehlen .

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García-Vallejo, D., Schiehlen, W., García-Agúndez, A. (2020). Dynamics, Control and Stability of Motion of Electric Scooters. In: Klomp, M., Bruzelius, F., Nielsen, J., Hillemyr, A. (eds) Advances in Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks. IAVSD 2019. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38077-9_139

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38077-9_139

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-38076-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-38077-9

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