Skip to main content

Measuring and Allocating Scope 3 GHG Emissions

  • 845 Accesses

Part of the Lecture Notes in Mobility book series (LNMOB)


Climate change due to increasing carbon dioxide is one of the biggest challenges in the present century. Ameliorating the effect of industry and freight transport sectors is one of the European commission’s priorities, which has set out ambitious targets by 2050. Reaching this goal requires economic actors to be able to monitor and understand the Greenhouse gas emissions at their end-to-end supply chains, both to drive sustainability and to improve efficiency. However, measuring reliable and accurate figures is difficult, especially for companies outsourcing most of their logistics activities. Lack of supply chain visibility and trust are some of the main challenges that information and communication technologies might help overcome.


  • Logistics and transport
  • Decarbonization strategies
  • GHG protocol
  • Scope 3
  • Supply chain visibility
  • Information sharing
  • Data accuracy
  • Trust
  • Interoperability
  • Cloud computing
  • GLEC Framework

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38028-1_14
  • Chapter length: 12 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
USD   149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-38028-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.

(Source: [18])

Fig. 6.


  1. 1.

  2. 2.

  3. 3.

  4. 4.

  5. 5.

  6. 6.

  7. 7.


  1. Solomon, S., Gian-Kasper, P., Knutti, R., Friedlingstein, P.: Irreversible climate change due to carbon dioxide emissions. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 106(6), 1704–1709 (2009).

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  2. Feulner, G.: Global Challenges: Climate Change. Wiley (2015).

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  3. Adams, W.M., Jeanrenaud, S.J.: Transition to Sustainability: Towards a Humane and Diverse World. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland (2018).

  4. Edenhofer, O., Pichs-Madruga, R., Sokona, Y., Farahani, E., Kadner, S., Seyboth, K., Adler, A., Baum, I., Brunner, S., Eickemeier, P., Kriemann, B., Savolainen, J., Schlömer, S., von Stechow, C., Zwickel, T., Minx, J.C.: Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

  5. Arnout, P., Pinner, D., Roelofsen, O., Sommers, K., Speelman, E., Witteven, M.: Decarbonization of industrial sectors: the next frontier. McKinsey & Company (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  6. European Environmental Agency (EEA): Greenhouse gas emissions from transport. EEA Web content management system (2018).

  7. Guérin, E., Mas, C., Waisman, H.: Pathways to Deep Decarbonisation. Sustainable Development Solutions Network and Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations, Paris (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  8. McKinnon, A.: Freight Transport in a Low-Carbon World Assessing Opportunities for Cutting Emissions, TR News 306 November – December 2016.

  9. Gold Standards: Value (Scope 3) interventions – greenhouse accounting & reporting guidance (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  10. Farsan, A., Chang, A., Kerkhof, A., Cserna, B., Yan, C., Rangel, F., Labutong, N.: Value Change in the Value Chain: Best Practices in Scope 3 Greenhouse Gas Management V3.0 (2018).

  11. Hanifan, G.L., Adityta, E.S., Mehta, P.: Why a sustainable supply chain is good business. Outlook J. High Perform. Bus. 3, 1–7 (2012)

    Google Scholar 

  12. Davydenko, I., Ehrler, V., Ree, D., Lewis, A., Tavasszy, L.: Towards a global CO2 calculation standard for supply chains: suggestions for methodological improvements. Transp. Res. Part D 4, 362–372 (2014)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  13. McKinnon, A.: Decarbonizing Logistics: Distributing Goods in a Low Carbon World, 1st edn. Kogan Page, London (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  14. Lean&Green Europe: Giving significance to big data in supply chains (2013).

  15. Smart Freight Centre: GLEC Framework for Logistics Emissions Methodologies, Version 1.0 (2016)

    Google Scholar 

  16. Ehrler, V., Saskia, S., Lischke, A., Rüdiger, D., Dobers, K., Luzzini, D., Val, S.: D3.2 approach for the closure of identified gaps for eco-labelling of transport chain emissions. The Learn project (2017)

    Google Scholar 

  17. Danner, G., Lowe, T.: Profit from Science: Solving Business Problems Using Data, Math, and the Scientific Process. Palgrave Macmillan (2015)

    Google Scholar 

  18. Davydenko, I.Y., Nesterova, N.N.: Deliverable 4.1: specification of research questions to be addressed through testing. The Learn project (2017).

  19. Hart, P., Saunders, C.: Power and trust: critical factors in the adoption and use of electronic data interchange. Organ. Sci. 8(1), 23–42 (1997)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  20. Chen, D., Domeingts, G., Vernadat, F.: Architectures for enterprise integration and interoperability: past, present and future. Comput. Ind. 59, 647–659 (2008)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  21. Liao, Y., Pierin, L.F., Saturno, M., Deschamps, F., de Freitas, E., Szejka, A.L.: The role of interoperability in the fourth industrial revolution era. IFAC PapersOnLine 50(1), 12434–12439 (2017)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  22. Srinivasan, A., Abdul, Q., Vijayakumar, V.: Era of cloud computing: a new insight to hybrid cloud. Procedia Comput. Sci. 50, 42–51 (2015)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  23. Zissis, D., Lekkas, D.: Addressing cloud computing security issues. Future Gener. Comput. Syst. 28, 583–592 (2012)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  24. Handfield, R.B., Nichols, E.L.: Introduction to Supply Chain Management. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River (1999)

    Google Scholar 

  25. Handfield, R.B., Nichols, E.L.: Supply Chain Redesign: Converting Your Supply Chain into an Integrated Value System. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River (2002)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Beatriz Royo .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Royo, B. (2020). Measuring and Allocating Scope 3 GHG Emissions. In: Müller, B., Meyer, G. (eds) Towards User-Centric Transport in Europe 2. Lecture Notes in Mobility. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-38027-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-38028-1

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)