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Deployment of Charging Infrastructure for Battery Electric Buses

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Abstract

Battery electric buses (in the following article named as electric buses) are entering the public transport fleets in numerous European cities. Nevertheless some hurdles still have to be cleared on the way towards a comprehensive market launch. Besides issues like additional costs, driving range or specific tender aspects the implementation of the charging infrastructure is an important element of procurement projects. The following article intends to give a comprehensive overview of the assets and drawbacks of the charging strategies depot and opportunity charging. These are based on a brief introduction of the state of the art for each charging strategy. Furthermore practical issues will be covered by good practices from different European cities.

Keywords

  • Battery electric buses
  • Public transport
  • Charging infrastructure

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Fig. 1.

(source: Fraunhofer IVI)

Fig. 2.

(source: Fraunhofer IVI)

Fig. 3.

(source: Fraunhofer IVI)

Fig. 4.

(source: Fraunhofer IVI)

Fig. 5.

(source: Transport for London)

Fig. 6.

(sources: Fraunhofer IVI)

Fig. 7.

(source: Transport for London)

Fig. 8.

(sources: Fraunhofer IVI)

Fig. 9.

(sources: Fraunhofer IVI)

Fig. 10.

(source: Hamburger Hochbahn AG)

Fig. 11.

(sources: üstra Hannoversche Verkehrsbetriebe AG, Fraunhofer IVI)

Notes

  1. 1.

    I.e. Berlins bus fleet shall be operated emission free until 2030 and Amsterdam aims for emission-free traffic by 2025.

  2. 2.

    Waterloo, Camberwell, Croydon, Northumberland Park, Shepherds Bush, Willesden, Hounslow, New Cross and Holloway.

References

  1. Article “Charging Station” in Transportengineer Magazin, May 2018. Author not named

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  3. Mayor of London: Mayor’s Transport Strategy 2018, p. 23 (2018)

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  4. Heidrich, M.: HELD-Hamburger Elektrobus Demonstration. Final report, Hamburg (2018)

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  5. Tietze, B., Koch, S., Hupe, M., Stock, C., Friebe, W., Ahrndt, F., Langhof, I., Kaufmann, P., Möbius, D., Ernsting, J.: Pilotversuch mit drei Elekrobussen im Linieneinsatz mit Schnellladung am Endpunkt mit Strom aus der Oberleitung der Stadtbahn der ÜSTRA. Final report, Hanover (2018)

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Correspondence to Annette Randhahn .

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Randhahn, A., Knote, T. (2020). Deployment of Charging Infrastructure for Battery Electric Buses. In: Müller, B., Meyer, G. (eds) Towards User-Centric Transport in Europe 2. Lecture Notes in Mobility. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38028-1_12

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38028-1_12

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-38027-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-38028-1

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